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The venoms of the lesser (Echiichthys vipera) and greater (Trachinus draco) weever fish- A review.
Toxicon X. 2020 Jun; 6:100025.TX

Abstract

In comparison with other animal venoms, fish venoms remain relatively understudied. This is especially true for that of the lesser Echiichthys vipera and greater weever fish Trachinus draco which, apart from the isolation of their unique venom cytolysins, trachinine and dracotoxin, respectively, remain relatively uncharacterised. Envenomation reports mainly include mild symptoms consisting of nociception and inflammation. However, like most fish venoms, if the venom becomes systemic it causes cardiorespiratory and blood pressure changes. Although T. draco venom has not been studied since the 1990's, recent studies on E. vipera venom have discovered novel cytotoxic components on human cancer cells, but due to the scarcity of research on the molecular make-up of the venom, the molecule(s) causing this cytotoxicity remains unknown. This review analyses past studies on E. vipera and T. draco venom, the methods used in the , the venom constituents characterised, the reported symptoms of envenomation and compares these findings with those from other venomous Scorpaeniformes.

Authors+Show Affiliations

School of Natural and Environmental Sciences, Newcastle University, Ridley Building, Claremont Road, Newcastle Upon Tyne, NE1 7RU, UK.Medical Toxicology Centre, Newcastle University, Wolfson Building, Claremont Place, Newcastle Upon Tyne, NE2 4AA, UK.Department of Physiology I, University of Tübingen, Tübingen, Germany.Department of Laboratory Medicine, Translational Cancer Research, Lund University, Lund, Sweden.Medical Toxicology Centre and Institute of Neuroscience, Newcastle University, Framlington Place, Newcastle Upon Tyne, NE2 4HH, UK.School of Natural and Environmental Sciences, Newcastle University, Ridley Building, Claremont Road, Newcastle Upon Tyne, NE1 7RU, UK.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Review

Language

eng

PubMed ID

32550581

Citation

Gorman, Lucy M., et al. "The Venoms of the Lesser (Echiichthys Vipera) and Greater (Trachinus Draco) Weever Fish- a Review." Toxicon: X, vol. 6, 2020, p. 100025.
Gorman LM, Judge SJ, Fezai M, et al. The venoms of the lesser (Echiichthys vipera) and greater (Trachinus draco) weever fish- A review. Toxicon X. 2020;6:100025.
Gorman, L. M., Judge, S. J., Fezai, M., Jemaà, M., Harris, J. B., & Caldwell, G. S. (2020). The venoms of the lesser (Echiichthys vipera) and greater (Trachinus draco) weever fish- A review. Toxicon: X, 6, 100025. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.toxcx.2020.100025
Gorman LM, et al. The Venoms of the Lesser (Echiichthys Vipera) and Greater (Trachinus Draco) Weever Fish- a Review. Toxicon X. 2020;6:100025. PubMed PMID: 32550581.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - The venoms of the lesser (Echiichthys vipera) and greater (Trachinus draco) weever fish- A review. AU - Gorman,Lucy M, AU - Judge,Sarah J, AU - Fezai,Myriam, AU - Jemaà,Mohamed, AU - Harris,John B, AU - Caldwell,Gary S, Y1 - 2020/02/07/ PY - 2019/07/31/received PY - 2019/11/24/revised PY - 2020/01/16/accepted PY - 2020/6/19/entrez PY - 2020/6/19/pubmed PY - 2020/6/19/medline KW - Cytolytic KW - Dracotoxin KW - Echiichthys vipera KW - Trachinine KW - Trachinus draco KW - Weever fish venom SP - 100025 EP - 100025 JF - Toxicon: X JO - Toxicon X VL - 6 N2 - In comparison with other animal venoms, fish venoms remain relatively understudied. This is especially true for that of the lesser Echiichthys vipera and greater weever fish Trachinus draco which, apart from the isolation of their unique venom cytolysins, trachinine and dracotoxin, respectively, remain relatively uncharacterised. Envenomation reports mainly include mild symptoms consisting of nociception and inflammation. However, like most fish venoms, if the venom becomes systemic it causes cardiorespiratory and blood pressure changes. Although T. draco venom has not been studied since the 1990's, recent studies on E. vipera venom have discovered novel cytotoxic components on human cancer cells, but due to the scarcity of research on the molecular make-up of the venom, the molecule(s) causing this cytotoxicity remains unknown. This review analyses past studies on E. vipera and T. draco venom, the methods used in the , the venom constituents characterised, the reported symptoms of envenomation and compares these findings with those from other venomous Scorpaeniformes. SN - 2590-1710 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/32550581/The_venoms_of_the_lesser_(Echiichthys_vipera)_and_greater_(Trachinus_draco)_weever_fish-_A_review L2 - https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S2590-1710(20)30003-5 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -
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