Application of an adapted relationship scale for assessing the occurrence of six different relationships as perceived by seven health care professions in Northern Italy.J Interprof Care. 2020 Jun 19 [Online ahead of print]JI
Interprofessional working relationships can influence the quality of collaborative practices, with consequences for patient safety outcomes. This article reports findings of an adapted relationship scale comprising six different relationship types, ranging from hostile to collegial, between seven health-care professions: physicians, nurses, dieticians, occupational therapists, physiotherapists, speech therapists, and psychologists. Survey data were gathered within amixed-method study aiming to explore the current status quo of interprofessional collaboration in aHealth Trust, located in Northern Italy. An online questionnaire was completed by 2,238 health professionals achieving aresponse rate of 44%. The working relationship element was answered by 1,897 respondents. The results of the survey are used as abasis for recommending strategies for advancing interprofessional collaboration in the Trust. Descriptive statistics were used to examine relationship-types, with frequency of occurrence considered. The non-parametric Mann Whitney and Kruskal Wallis tests were used to explore relationship differences among groups defined by sociodemographic variables. Participants reported overall positive relationships with other health professions. We noted variability in the occurrence of different relationship-types amongst the health professions. In particular, the six professions viewed their relationships with doctors more negatively than physicians who reported amore positive perception of their relationships with the six professions.