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Effects of irrigation parameters and access sheath size on the intra-renal temperature during flexible ureteroscopy with a high-power laser.
World J Urol. 2020 Jun 18 [Online ahead of print]WJ

Abstract

OBJECTIVES

To investigate the effect of different laser power settings on intra-renal temperature (IRT) under different irrigation conditions during flexible ureteroscopy (FURS) in a live-anesthetized porcine model.

METHODS

Following ethics approval, 2 female pigs weighing ~ 28 kg were used. Under general anesthesia, a percutaneous access was obtained to fix a K-type thermocouple inside the pelvi-calyceal system for real-time recording of IRT during FURS without UAS, UAS-10/12, UAS-12/14, and UAS-14/16F. A high-power holmium laser was used and the IRT was recorded during laser activation for up to 60 s at a laser power of 20 W, 40 W, and 60 W under gravity irrigation and manual pump irrigation.

RESULTS

Under gravity irrigation, FURS without UAS was associated with hazardous IRT at a laser power as low as 20 W for as short as 20 s of laser activation. The IRT was rendered borderline when UAS was used. This UAS buffering effect disappeared with the use of higher laser-power settings (40 W and 60 W) with the maximal IRT exceeding 60 °C. Moreover, laser activation at 60 W was associated with very rapid increase in IRT within few seconds. Under pump irrigation, laser activation at the highest power setting (60 W) for 60 s was associated with a safe IRT, even without the use of UAS. The maximal IRT was below 45 °C.

CONCLUSION

The use of high-power Ho:YAG laser carries potentially harmful thermal effect when used under gravity irrigation, even when large-diameter UAS is used. High-power settings (> 40 W) require high irrigation flow. The use of UAS is advisable to reduce the IRT and balance any intra-renal pressure increase.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Urology, University of Patras, Patras, Greece. Department of Urology, Benha Faculty of Medicine, Benha University, Benha, Egypt.Department of Chemical Engineering, University of Patras, Patras, Greece.Department of Urology, University of Patras, Patras, Greece.Department of Urology, University of Patras, Patras, Greece.Department of Urology, University of Patras, Patras, Greece.Department of Anesthesiology and ICU, University of Patras, Patras, Greece.Department of Urology, University of Patras, Patras, Greece. liatsikos@yahoo.com. Department of Urology, Medical University of Vienna, Vienna, Austria. liatsikos@yahoo.com.Department of Urology, University of Patras, Patras, Greece.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

32556675

Citation

Noureldin, Yasser A., et al. "Effects of Irrigation Parameters and Access Sheath Size On the Intra-renal Temperature During Flexible Ureteroscopy With a High-power Laser." World Journal of Urology, 2020.
Noureldin YA, Farsari E, Ntasiotis P, et al. Effects of irrigation parameters and access sheath size on the intra-renal temperature during flexible ureteroscopy with a high-power laser. World J Urol. 2020.
Noureldin, Y. A., Farsari, E., Ntasiotis, P., Adamou, C., Vagionis, A., Vrettos, T., Liatsikos, E. N., & Kallidonis, P. (2020). Effects of irrigation parameters and access sheath size on the intra-renal temperature during flexible ureteroscopy with a high-power laser. World Journal of Urology. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00345-020-03287-9
Noureldin YA, et al. Effects of Irrigation Parameters and Access Sheath Size On the Intra-renal Temperature During Flexible Ureteroscopy With a High-power Laser. World J Urol. 2020 Jun 18; PubMed PMID: 32556675.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Effects of irrigation parameters and access sheath size on the intra-renal temperature during flexible ureteroscopy with a high-power laser. AU - Noureldin,Yasser A, AU - Farsari,Ergina, AU - Ntasiotis,Panteleimon, AU - Adamou,Constantinos, AU - Vagionis,Athanasios, AU - Vrettos,Theofanis, AU - Liatsikos,Evangelos N, AU - Kallidonis,Panagiotis, Y1 - 2020/06/18/ PY - 2020/04/17/received PY - 2020/05/28/accepted PY - 2020/6/20/entrez KW - Laser KW - Pig KW - Temperature KW - Ureteroscopy JF - World journal of urology JO - World J Urol N2 - OBJECTIVES: To investigate the effect of different laser power settings on intra-renal temperature (IRT) under different irrigation conditions during flexible ureteroscopy (FURS) in a live-anesthetized porcine model. METHODS: Following ethics approval, 2 female pigs weighing ~ 28 kg were used. Under general anesthesia, a percutaneous access was obtained to fix a K-type thermocouple inside the pelvi-calyceal system for real-time recording of IRT during FURS without UAS, UAS-10/12, UAS-12/14, and UAS-14/16F. A high-power holmium laser was used and the IRT was recorded during laser activation for up to 60 s at a laser power of 20 W, 40 W, and 60 W under gravity irrigation and manual pump irrigation. RESULTS: Under gravity irrigation, FURS without UAS was associated with hazardous IRT at a laser power as low as 20 W for as short as 20 s of laser activation. The IRT was rendered borderline when UAS was used. This UAS buffering effect disappeared with the use of higher laser-power settings (40 W and 60 W) with the maximal IRT exceeding 60 °C. Moreover, laser activation at 60 W was associated with very rapid increase in IRT within few seconds. Under pump irrigation, laser activation at the highest power setting (60 W) for 60 s was associated with a safe IRT, even without the use of UAS. The maximal IRT was below 45 °C. CONCLUSION: The use of high-power Ho:YAG laser carries potentially harmful thermal effect when used under gravity irrigation, even when large-diameter UAS is used. High-power settings (> 40 W) require high irrigation flow. The use of UAS is advisable to reduce the IRT and balance any intra-renal pressure increase. SN - 1433-8726 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/32556675/Effects_of_irrigation_parameters_and_access_sheath_size_on_the_intra-renal_temperature_during_flexible_ureteroscopy_with_a_high-power_laser L2 - https://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00345-020-03287-9 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -
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