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The relationship between personality traits, caring characteristics and abuse tendency among professional caregivers of older people with dementia in long-term care facilities.
J Clin Nurs. 2020 Jun 20 [Online ahead of print]JC

Abstract

AIMS AND OBJECTIVES

To explore the relationship between personality traits, caring characteristics and abuse tendency among professional caregivers of older people with dementia in long-term care facilities in China.

BACKGROUND

Elder abuse is a serious global health problem and human right violation with high incidence among older people with dementia. There are many investigations about impact factors of risk of abuse among family caregivers of older people with dementia. However, in long-term care facilities, the situation of abuse tendency needs further investigation.

DESIGN

Cross-sectional study.

METHODS

An observational survey was conducted according to the STROBE checklist. We investigated 156 professional caregivers of older people with dementia in three long-term care facilities in Guangzhou, China. Participants completed a demographic questionnaire, the Caregiver Abuse Screen (CASE) and the Neuroticism Extraversion Openness Five-Factor Inventory (NEO-FFI). Data were analysed using Mann-Whitney U tests, Kruskal-Wallis tests, Spearman's rank correlation and logistic regression analyses.

RESULTS

Over half of the participants (51.9%) reported abuse tendency to the older people with dementia. There was a significant negative correlation between the caregivers' agreeableness scores of NEO-FFI and their CASE scores. Multivariate logistic regression analyses highlighted that protective factors of abuse tendency were caregivers' agreeableness, care recipients' source of finances and their duration of dementia while higher care difficulty and presence of older people's behavioural and psychological symptoms of dementia (BPSD) were the risk factors.

CONCLUSION

Caregivers' agreeableness personality trait and the caring characteristics of older people with dementia may be relevant to abuse tendency in long-term care facilities. Further study with a larger sample size is needed to validate such a correlation.

RELEVANCE TO CLINICAL PRACTICE

Older people with dementia are at high risk for abuse. Prospective caregivers could pay more attention to developing their own agreeableness. The managers might establish monitoring system for reducing the abuse.

Authors+Show Affiliations

School of Nursing, Southern Medical University, Guangzhou, China.School of Nursing, Southern Medical University, Guangzhou, China.School of Nursing, Southern Medical University, Guangzhou, China.School of Nursing, Southern Medical University, Guangzhou, China.School of Nursing, Southern Medical University, Guangzhou, China.School of Nursing, Southern Medical University, Guangzhou, China.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

32562434

Citation

Chen, Weichen, et al. "The Relationship Between Personality Traits, Caring Characteristics and Abuse Tendency Among Professional Caregivers of Older People With Dementia in Long-term Care Facilities." Journal of Clinical Nursing, 2020.
Chen W, Fang F, Chen Y, et al. The relationship between personality traits, caring characteristics and abuse tendency among professional caregivers of older people with dementia in long-term care facilities. J Clin Nurs. 2020.
Chen, W., Fang, F., Chen, Y., Wang, J., Gao, Y., & Xiao, J. (2020). The relationship between personality traits, caring characteristics and abuse tendency among professional caregivers of older people with dementia in long-term care facilities. Journal of Clinical Nursing. https://doi.org/10.1111/jocn.15380
Chen W, et al. The Relationship Between Personality Traits, Caring Characteristics and Abuse Tendency Among Professional Caregivers of Older People With Dementia in Long-term Care Facilities. J Clin Nurs. 2020 Jun 20; PubMed PMID: 32562434.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - The relationship between personality traits, caring characteristics and abuse tendency among professional caregivers of older people with dementia in long-term care facilities. AU - Chen,Weichen, AU - Fang,Fan, AU - Chen,Yu, AU - Wang,Jin, AU - Gao,Yuanmin, AU - Xiao,Julan, Y1 - 2020/06/20/ PY - 2020/02/06/received PY - 2020/05/25/revised PY - 2020/06/05/accepted PY - 2020/6/21/pubmed PY - 2020/6/21/medline PY - 2020/6/21/entrez KW - abuse tendency KW - long-term care facilities KW - older people with dementia KW - personality traits KW - professional caregivers JF - Journal of clinical nursing JO - J Clin Nurs N2 - AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To explore the relationship between personality traits, caring characteristics and abuse tendency among professional caregivers of older people with dementia in long-term care facilities in China. BACKGROUND: Elder abuse is a serious global health problem and human right violation with high incidence among older people with dementia. There are many investigations about impact factors of risk of abuse among family caregivers of older people with dementia. However, in long-term care facilities, the situation of abuse tendency needs further investigation. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. METHODS: An observational survey was conducted according to the STROBE checklist. We investigated 156 professional caregivers of older people with dementia in three long-term care facilities in Guangzhou, China. Participants completed a demographic questionnaire, the Caregiver Abuse Screen (CASE) and the Neuroticism Extraversion Openness Five-Factor Inventory (NEO-FFI). Data were analysed using Mann-Whitney U tests, Kruskal-Wallis tests, Spearman's rank correlation and logistic regression analyses. RESULTS: Over half of the participants (51.9%) reported abuse tendency to the older people with dementia. There was a significant negative correlation between the caregivers' agreeableness scores of NEO-FFI and their CASE scores. Multivariate logistic regression analyses highlighted that protective factors of abuse tendency were caregivers' agreeableness, care recipients' source of finances and their duration of dementia while higher care difficulty and presence of older people's behavioural and psychological symptoms of dementia (BPSD) were the risk factors. CONCLUSION: Caregivers' agreeableness personality trait and the caring characteristics of older people with dementia may be relevant to abuse tendency in long-term care facilities. Further study with a larger sample size is needed to validate such a correlation. RELEVANCE TO CLINICAL PRACTICE: Older people with dementia are at high risk for abuse. Prospective caregivers could pay more attention to developing their own agreeableness. The managers might establish monitoring system for reducing the abuse. SN - 1365-2702 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/32562434/The_relationship_between_personality_traits,_caring_characteristics_and_abuse_tendency_among_professional_caregivers_of_older_people_with_dementia_in_long-term_care_facilities L2 - https://doi.org/10.1111/jocn.15380 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -
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