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Prescription Patterns of Wu Lin San Concentrated Extract Product for Cystitis in Taiwan: A Population-Based Study.
Evid Based Complement Alternat Med. 2020; 2020:2605462.EB

Abstract

The indications for the concentrated extract product (CEP) of Wu Lin San (WLS) are urethritis, cystitis, and gonorrhea. In clinical settings, WLS is combined with other CEPs used. However, there are no prescribed guidelines of CEPs in Taiwan. In this study, we would establish the CEP-prescribed applications of WLS for cystitis according to the clinical prescription patterns and ancient traditional medicine books. The prescription patterns of WLS were analyzed from the National Health Insurance Research Database of Taiwan for the period from 2000 to 2015. The results show that WLS was most frequently prescribed for cystitis (17.12% of a total prescriptions), and its prescribed dosage was 3∼5 g per day. Among them, 62.53% were for patients >40 years, and 72.45% were for women. Moreover, prescription patterns of WLS for cystitis were divided into 4 types: Type 1, WLS combined with Pa Cheng San (PCS) and Ti Tang Tang (29.75%); Type 2, WLS combined with PCS and dandelion (13.89%); Type 3, WLS combined with PCS and Tao Ho Cheng Chi Tang (6.63%); and Type 4, WLS combined with PCS (2.75%). According to lectures, review revealed the following principles of WLS application. WLS only should be adopted for simple heat strangury, while Type 4 should be applied for excess heat and dampness strangury. For patients with heat strangury coupled with an early-stage blood amassment pattern in lower jiao (abdomen), Type 3 could be administered. Type 2 should be used for heat strangury accompanied by dampness toxicity with infection. By contrast, Type 1 should be applied to patients with severe blood stasis. The application principles of WLS with other CEPs could serve as a reference for cystitis treatment in clinical settings.

Authors+Show Affiliations

PhD Program in Clinical Drug Development of Herbal Medicine, College of Pharmacy, Taipei Medical University, Taipei, Taiwan. Graduate Institute of Pharmacognosy, College of Pharmacy, Taipei Medical University, Taipei, Taiwan. Traditional Herbal Medicine Research Center, Taipei Medical University Hospital, Taipei, Taiwan.Division of Urology, Department of Surgery, Chi Mei Medical Center, Tainan, Taiwan. Department of Biotechnology, Chia Nan University of Pharmacy Science, Tainan, Taiwan.Department of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Wan Fang Hospital, Taipei, Taiwan.PhD Program in Clinical Drug Development of Herbal Medicine, College of Pharmacy, Taipei Medical University, Taipei, Taiwan. Department of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Wan Fang Hospital, Taipei, Taiwan.School of Post-Baccalaureate Chinese Medicine, Tzu Chi University, Hualien, Taiwan.PhD Program in Clinical Drug Development of Herbal Medicine, College of Pharmacy, Taipei Medical University, Taipei, Taiwan. Graduate Institute of Pharmacognosy, College of Pharmacy, Taipei Medical University, Taipei, Taiwan. Traditional Herbal Medicine Research Center, Taipei Medical University Hospital, Taipei, Taiwan. School of Pharmacy, College of Pharmacy, Taipei Medical University, Taipei, Taiwan.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

32565849

Citation

Lee, Chia-Jung, et al. "Prescription Patterns of Wu Lin San Concentrated Extract Product for Cystitis in Taiwan: a Population-Based Study." Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine : ECAM, vol. 2020, 2020, p. 2605462.
Lee CJ, Huan SK, Lee YH, et al. Prescription Patterns of Wu Lin San Concentrated Extract Product for Cystitis in Taiwan: A Population-Based Study. Evid Based Complement Alternat Med. 2020;2020:2605462.
Lee, C. J., Huan, S. K., Lee, Y. H., Yeh, Y. S., Lin, I. H., & Wang, C. C. (2020). Prescription Patterns of Wu Lin San Concentrated Extract Product for Cystitis in Taiwan: A Population-Based Study. Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine : ECAM, 2020, 2605462. https://doi.org/10.1155/2020/2605462
Lee CJ, et al. Prescription Patterns of Wu Lin San Concentrated Extract Product for Cystitis in Taiwan: a Population-Based Study. Evid Based Complement Alternat Med. 2020;2020:2605462. PubMed PMID: 32565849.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Prescription Patterns of Wu Lin San Concentrated Extract Product for Cystitis in Taiwan: A Population-Based Study. AU - Lee,Chia-Jung, AU - Huan,Steven Kuan-Hua, AU - Lee,Yi-Hui, AU - Yeh,Yu-Shao, AU - Lin,I-Hsin, AU - Wang,Ching-Chiung, Y1 - 2020/05/20/ PY - 2020/03/01/received PY - 2020/03/31/accepted PY - 2020/6/23/entrez PY - 2020/6/23/pubmed PY - 2020/6/23/medline SP - 2605462 EP - 2605462 JF - Evidence-based complementary and alternative medicine : eCAM JO - Evid Based Complement Alternat Med VL - 2020 N2 - The indications for the concentrated extract product (CEP) of Wu Lin San (WLS) are urethritis, cystitis, and gonorrhea. In clinical settings, WLS is combined with other CEPs used. However, there are no prescribed guidelines of CEPs in Taiwan. In this study, we would establish the CEP-prescribed applications of WLS for cystitis according to the clinical prescription patterns and ancient traditional medicine books. The prescription patterns of WLS were analyzed from the National Health Insurance Research Database of Taiwan for the period from 2000 to 2015. The results show that WLS was most frequently prescribed for cystitis (17.12% of a total prescriptions), and its prescribed dosage was 3∼5 g per day. Among them, 62.53% were for patients >40 years, and 72.45% were for women. Moreover, prescription patterns of WLS for cystitis were divided into 4 types: Type 1, WLS combined with Pa Cheng San (PCS) and Ti Tang Tang (29.75%); Type 2, WLS combined with PCS and dandelion (13.89%); Type 3, WLS combined with PCS and Tao Ho Cheng Chi Tang (6.63%); and Type 4, WLS combined with PCS (2.75%). According to lectures, review revealed the following principles of WLS application. WLS only should be adopted for simple heat strangury, while Type 4 should be applied for excess heat and dampness strangury. For patients with heat strangury coupled with an early-stage blood amassment pattern in lower jiao (abdomen), Type 3 could be administered. Type 2 should be used for heat strangury accompanied by dampness toxicity with infection. By contrast, Type 1 should be applied to patients with severe blood stasis. The application principles of WLS with other CEPs could serve as a reference for cystitis treatment in clinical settings. SN - 1741-427X UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/32565849/Prescription_Patterns_of_Wu_Lin_San_Concentrated_Extract_Product_for_Cystitis_in_Taiwan:_A_Population-Based_Study L2 - https://doi.org/10.1155/2020/2605462 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -
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