A Novel Flow Cytometric Assay to Identify Inhibitors of RBPJ-DNA Interactions.SLAS Discov. 2020 Jun 22 [Online ahead of print]SD
Notch signaling is often involved in cancer cell initiation and proliferation. Aberrant Notch activation underlies more than 50% of T-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia (T-ALL); accordingly, chemicals disrupting Notch signaling are of potential to treat Notch-dependent cancer. Here, we developed a flow cytometry-based high-throughput assay to identify compounds that disrupt the interactions of DNA and RBPJ, the major downstream effector of Notch signaling. From 1492 compounds, we identified 18 compounds that disrupt RBPJ-DNA interactions in a dose-dependent manner. Cell-based assays further revealed that auranofin downregulates Notch-dependent transcription and decreases RBPJ-chromatin interactions in cells. Most strikingly, T-ALL cells that depend on Notch signaling for proliferation are more sensitive to auranofin treatment, supporting the notion that auranofin downregulates Notch signaling by disrupting RBPJ-DNA interaction. These results validate the feasibility of our assay scheme to screen for additional Notch inhibitors and provide a rationale to further test the use of auranofin in treating Notch-dependent cancer.