Application of platelet-rich plasma in the in vitro production of bovine embryos.Trop Anim Health Prod. 2020 Jun 23 [Online ahead of print]TA
The aim of this study was to replace fetal bovine serum (FBS) with platelet-rich plasma (PRP) for in vitro production of bovine embryos. The maturation media (TCM-199 medium) for the cumulus-oocyte complexes (COCs) was supplemented with 5% (G5) and 10% (G10) PRP or 10% FBS (GC). After fertilization, the presumed zygotes were randomly distributed in culture medium supplemented with 5% (G5) and 10% (G10) PRP or 10% FBS (GC) for 7 days. Cumulus cell (CC) expansion was greater (P < 0.05) in the GC (88.9%) group than in G5 (34.1%) or G10 (50.0%). Nevertheless, the expansion of CCs in group G10 was greater than in G5 (P < 0.05). Cleavage was higher in group G5 (86.0%) than in G10 (79.0%) (P < 0.05) and did not differ from group GC (82.0%). The percentage of blastocysts in group G5 (50.0%) was higher than in CG (40.2%) and G10 (34.2%) (P < 0.05). In addition, the number of blastomeres was higher in G5 (159.0 ± 4.18) than in GC (132.4 ± 4.11) and in G10 (127.1 ± 5.88) (P < 0.05). The addition of PRP into the oocytes maturation medium is not beneficial. On the other hand, the PRP addition into the embryo culture medium at 5% concentration is recommended where it increased the quantity and quality of in vitro-produced bovine embryos.