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Psychological Effects and Associated Factors of COVID-19 in a Mexican Sample.
Disaster Med Public Health Prep. 2020 Jun; 14(3):413-424.DM

Abstract

OBJECTIVES

The coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID 19) is a new viral zoonosis of global concern that could cause psychological sequelae. We examined the levels of psychological distress, anxiety, depression, and stress during the COVID-19 outbreak in a Mexican sample.

METHODS

An online survey was applied that collected information on demographic and financial status data, physical status, contact history, knowledge, concerns, and precautionary measures concerning COVID-19. Impact of Event Scale-Revised and Depression, Anxiety, and Stress Scale were included.

RESULTS

A total of 50.3% of respondents rated psychological distress as moderate-severe; 15.7% reported moderate-severe depressive symptoms; 22.6% reported moderate-severe anxiety symptoms; and 19.8% reported moderate-severe stress levels. Female gender, older age, divorced status, lack of confidence related to security of the test, lower satisfaction of health information concerning COVID-19, history of direct or indirect contact with a COVID-19 confirmed case, live with just 1 other person, and spent >9 h/d at home were associated with greater psychological distress and/or higher levels of stress, anxiety, and depression. By contrast, precautionary measures, such as hand hygiene and wearing masks, were associated with lower levels of psychological distress, depression, anxiety, and stress.

CONCLUSIONS

COVID-19 outbreak results in considerable psychological effects among the Mexican sample.

Authors+Show Affiliations

School of Medicine, University of Colima, Colima, Mexico. School of Medicine, José Martí University, Colima, México.School of Medicine, José Martí University, Colima, México.School of Medicine, University of Colima, Colima, Mexico.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

32576317

Citation

Cortés-Álvarez, Nadia Yanet, et al. "Psychological Effects and Associated Factors of COVID-19 in a Mexican Sample." Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness, vol. 14, no. 3, 2020, pp. 413-424.
Cortés-Álvarez NY, Piñeiro-Lamas R, Vuelvas-Olmos CR. Psychological Effects and Associated Factors of COVID-19 in a Mexican Sample. Disaster Med Public Health Prep. 2020;14(3):413-424.
Cortés-Álvarez, N. Y., Piñeiro-Lamas, R., & Vuelvas-Olmos, C. R. (2020). Psychological Effects and Associated Factors of COVID-19 in a Mexican Sample. Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness, 14(3), 413-424. https://doi.org/10.1017/dmp.2020.215
Cortés-Álvarez NY, Piñeiro-Lamas R, Vuelvas-Olmos CR. Psychological Effects and Associated Factors of COVID-19 in a Mexican Sample. Disaster Med Public Health Prep. 2020;14(3):413-424. PubMed PMID: 32576317.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Psychological Effects and Associated Factors of COVID-19 in a Mexican Sample. AU - Cortés-Álvarez,Nadia Yanet, AU - Piñeiro-Lamas,Regino, AU - Vuelvas-Olmos,César Rubén, Y1 - 2020/06/24/ PY - 2020/6/25/pubmed PY - 2020/12/1/medline PY - 2020/6/25/entrez KW - COVID-19 KW - anxiety KW - depression KW - epidemic KW - psychological distress KW - stress SP - 413 EP - 424 JF - Disaster medicine and public health preparedness JO - Disaster Med Public Health Prep VL - 14 IS - 3 N2 - OBJECTIVES: The coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID 19) is a new viral zoonosis of global concern that could cause psychological sequelae. We examined the levels of psychological distress, anxiety, depression, and stress during the COVID-19 outbreak in a Mexican sample. METHODS: An online survey was applied that collected information on demographic and financial status data, physical status, contact history, knowledge, concerns, and precautionary measures concerning COVID-19. Impact of Event Scale-Revised and Depression, Anxiety, and Stress Scale were included. RESULTS: A total of 50.3% of respondents rated psychological distress as moderate-severe; 15.7% reported moderate-severe depressive symptoms; 22.6% reported moderate-severe anxiety symptoms; and 19.8% reported moderate-severe stress levels. Female gender, older age, divorced status, lack of confidence related to security of the test, lower satisfaction of health information concerning COVID-19, history of direct or indirect contact with a COVID-19 confirmed case, live with just 1 other person, and spent >9 h/d at home were associated with greater psychological distress and/or higher levels of stress, anxiety, and depression. By contrast, precautionary measures, such as hand hygiene and wearing masks, were associated with lower levels of psychological distress, depression, anxiety, and stress. CONCLUSIONS: COVID-19 outbreak results in considerable psychological effects among the Mexican sample. SN - 1938-744X UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/32576317/Psychological_Effects_and_Associated_Factors_of_COVID_19_in_a_Mexican_Sample_ L2 - https://www.cambridge.org/core/product/identifier/S1935789320002153/type/journal_article DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -