RNA sequencing analysis of the human retina and associated ocular tissues.Sci Data. 2020 06 24; 7(1):199.SD
The retina is a stratified layer of sensory neurons lining the posterior portion of the eye. In humans, fine detail and color vision are enabled by the macula, a central region of the retina dense in cone photoreceptors (PRs). Achromatic low light and peripheral vision are facilitated by rod PRs found with increasing density outside the macula in the peripheral retina. The outer retina is nourished by choroidal blood flow regulated by a single layer of intervening retinal pigment epithelial (RPE) cells. Existing human retinal transcriptome projects have been critical for studying aspects of retinal development and disease however, there are currently no publicly available data sets accurately describing the aging human central retina, peripheral retina, and supporting RPE/choroid. Here we used Illumina RNA sequencing (RNA-seq) analysis to characterize the mRNA transcriptome of rod and cone PR-enriched human retina as well as supporting macular RPE/choroid tissue. These data will be valuable to the vision research community for characterizing global changes in gene expression in clinically relevant ocular tissues.