Cavernous sinus meningioma.Handb Clin Neurol. 2020; 170:69-85.HC
Cavernous sinus meningioma (CSM) presents a management challenge to present-day neurosurgeons. Lack of adequate understanding of the natural history of these lesions, the early involvement of vital neurovascular structures, the absence of clear tissue planes with normal surrounding structures, and a high rate of aggressive surgery-related morbidity each pose management dilemmas for neurosurgeons. Over the past few decades, the enthusiasm of the neurosurgical community has shifted from aggressive microsurgical resection to maximal safe resection and institution of adjuvant radiotherapy, if necessary. This paradigm shift has ensured better functional outcome in treated patients. This chapter has been designed to discuss the current treatment algorithm and the importance of multimodality management for optimal outcome in patients with CSM. The technical aspects of this approach to management are presented, and the various treatment options are compared.