Decreased Expression of Heat Shock Protein 47 Is Associated with T-2 Toxin and Low Selenium-Induced Matrix Degradation in Cartilages of Kashin-Beck Disease.Biol Trace Elem Res. 2020 Jun 26 [Online ahead of print]BT
Recent evidence suggests a role of type II collagen in Kashin-Beck disease (KBD) degeneration. We aimed to assess the abnormal expression of heat shock protein 47 (HSP47) which is associated with a decrease in type II collagen and an increase in cartilage degradation in KBD. Hand phalange cartilages were collected from KBD and healthy children. Rats were administered with T-2 toxin under the selenium (Se)-deficient diet. ATDC5 cells were seeded on bone matrix gelatin to construct engineered cartilaginous tissue. C28/I2 and ATDC5 cells and engineered tissue were exposed to different concentrations of T-2 toxin with or without Se. Cartilage degeneration was determined through histological evaluation. The distribution and expression of type II collagen and HSP47 were investigated through immunohistochemistry, western blotting, and real-time PCR. KBD cartilages showed increased chondronecrosis and extracellular matrix degradation in deep zone with decreased type II collagen and HSP47 expression. The low-Se + T-2 toxin animal group showed a significantly lower type II collagen expression along with decreased HSP47 expression. Decreased type II collagen and HSP47 in C28/I2 and ATDC5 cells induced by T-2 toxin showed a dose-dependent manner. Hyaline-like cartilage with zonal layers was developed in engineered cartilaginous tissues, with decreased type II collagen and HSP47 expression found in T-2 toxin-treated group. Se-supplementation partially antagonized the inhibitory effects of T-2 toxin in chondrocytes and cartilages. HSP47 plays a role in the degenerative changes of KBD and associated with T-2 toxin-induced decreased type II collagen expression, further promoting matrix degradation.