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Dietary peppermint (Mentha piperita) powder affects growth performance, hematological indices, skin mucosal immune parameters, and expression of growth and stress-related genes in Caspian roach (Rutilus caspicus).
Fish Physiol Biochem. 2020 Oct; 46(5):1883-1895.FP

Abstract

Peppermint is a popular herbal medicine due to its several pharmaceutical applications. In this study, peppermint powder was used as a feed additive to evaluate growth performance, hematological parameters, protein profile of skin mucus, and immune parameters, as well as growth hormone (GH), insulin-like growth factor (IGF), and 70 kDa heat shock protein (HSP70) gene expression in Caspian roach (Rutilus caspicus). The fingerlings (average weight of 2.40 ± 0.12 g) were fed with diet containing 0 (control), 2, 3, and 4 g/kg peppermint for 8 weeks. The addition of peppermint significantly enhanced the growth parameters and decreased the food conversion ratio. Hematological indices of fish fed with peppermint-supplemented diets were significantly different from the control group (P < 0.05). Soluble protein, alkaline phosphatase, and lysozyme enzyme activity in mucus samples showed an incremental trend by increasing the peppermint levels in the diet. Evaluation of mucosal immunity indicated a remarkable difference between the protein profile in treatments fed with peppermint-supplemented diets and the control group. A new protein band (approximately 27 kDa) was also found in the skin mucus of fish fed with the diet containing 4 g/kg peppermint, and the highest band density was observed in this treatment. The highest IGF and GH gene expression were observed in 4 g/kg peppermint treatment. There was a significant difference in HSP70 expression between the fish fed with peppermint powder and the control group (P < 0.05). Overall, the results showed that dietary oral administration of peppermint at 4 g/kg of feed can act as a growth promoter and immunostimulant.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Fisheries, Faculty of Fisheries and Environmental Sciences, Gorgan University of Agricultural Sciences and Natural Resources, Gorgan, Iran.Department of Fisheries Science, Science and Research Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran. hosseini.pezhman@yahoo.com.Department of Fisheries Science, Science and Research Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran. m.shamsaie@srbiau.ac.ir.Department of Fisheries, Faculty of Fisheries and Environmental Sciences, Gorgan University of Agricultural Sciences and Natural Resources, Gorgan, Iran.Department of Fisheries, Faculty of Fisheries and Environmental Sciences, Gorgan University of Agricultural Sciences and Natural Resources, Gorgan, Iran.Department of Fisheries, Faculty of Fisheries and Environmental Sciences, Gorgan University of Agricultural Sciences and Natural Resources, Gorgan, Iran.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Randomized Controlled Trial, Veterinary

Language

eng

PubMed ID

32592128

Citation

Paknejad, Hammed, et al. "Dietary Peppermint (Mentha Piperita) Powder Affects Growth Performance, Hematological Indices, Skin Mucosal Immune Parameters, and Expression of Growth and Stress-related Genes in Caspian Roach (Rutilus Caspicus)." Fish Physiology and Biochemistry, vol. 46, no. 5, 2020, pp. 1883-1895.
Paknejad H, Hosseini Shekarabi SP, Shamsaie Mehrgan M, et al. Dietary peppermint (Mentha piperita) powder affects growth performance, hematological indices, skin mucosal immune parameters, and expression of growth and stress-related genes in Caspian roach (Rutilus caspicus). Fish Physiol Biochem. 2020;46(5):1883-1895.
Paknejad, H., Hosseini Shekarabi, S. P., Shamsaie Mehrgan, M., Hajimoradloo, A., Khorshidi, Z., & Rastegari, S. (2020). Dietary peppermint (Mentha piperita) powder affects growth performance, hematological indices, skin mucosal immune parameters, and expression of growth and stress-related genes in Caspian roach (Rutilus caspicus). Fish Physiology and Biochemistry, 46(5), 1883-1895. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10695-020-00839-z
Paknejad H, et al. Dietary Peppermint (Mentha Piperita) Powder Affects Growth Performance, Hematological Indices, Skin Mucosal Immune Parameters, and Expression of Growth and Stress-related Genes in Caspian Roach (Rutilus Caspicus). Fish Physiol Biochem. 2020;46(5):1883-1895. PubMed PMID: 32592128.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Dietary peppermint (Mentha piperita) powder affects growth performance, hematological indices, skin mucosal immune parameters, and expression of growth and stress-related genes in Caspian roach (Rutilus caspicus). AU - Paknejad,Hammed, AU - Hosseini Shekarabi,Seyed Pezhman, AU - Shamsaie Mehrgan,Mehdi, AU - Hajimoradloo,Abdolmajid, AU - Khorshidi,Zohre, AU - Rastegari,Soheila, Y1 - 2020/06/26/ PY - 2020/02/24/received PY - 2020/06/16/accepted PY - 2020/6/28/pubmed PY - 2021/4/22/medline PY - 2020/6/28/entrez KW - Gene expression KW - Growth promoter KW - Innate immune responses SP - 1883 EP - 1895 JF - Fish physiology and biochemistry JO - Fish Physiol Biochem VL - 46 IS - 5 N2 - Peppermint is a popular herbal medicine due to its several pharmaceutical applications. In this study, peppermint powder was used as a feed additive to evaluate growth performance, hematological parameters, protein profile of skin mucus, and immune parameters, as well as growth hormone (GH), insulin-like growth factor (IGF), and 70 kDa heat shock protein (HSP70) gene expression in Caspian roach (Rutilus caspicus). The fingerlings (average weight of 2.40 ± 0.12 g) were fed with diet containing 0 (control), 2, 3, and 4 g/kg peppermint for 8 weeks. The addition of peppermint significantly enhanced the growth parameters and decreased the food conversion ratio. Hematological indices of fish fed with peppermint-supplemented diets were significantly different from the control group (P < 0.05). Soluble protein, alkaline phosphatase, and lysozyme enzyme activity in mucus samples showed an incremental trend by increasing the peppermint levels in the diet. Evaluation of mucosal immunity indicated a remarkable difference between the protein profile in treatments fed with peppermint-supplemented diets and the control group. A new protein band (approximately 27 kDa) was also found in the skin mucus of fish fed with the diet containing 4 g/kg peppermint, and the highest band density was observed in this treatment. The highest IGF and GH gene expression were observed in 4 g/kg peppermint treatment. There was a significant difference in HSP70 expression between the fish fed with peppermint powder and the control group (P < 0.05). Overall, the results showed that dietary oral administration of peppermint at 4 g/kg of feed can act as a growth promoter and immunostimulant. SN - 1573-5168 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/32592128/Dietary_peppermint__Mentha_piperita__powder_affects_growth_performance_hematological_indices_skin_mucosal_immune_parameters_and_expression_of_growth_and_stress_related_genes_in_Caspian_roach__Rutilus_caspicus__ L2 - https://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10695-020-00839-z DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -