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A Comprehensive Review of the Treatment and Management of Myofascial Pain Syndrome.
Curr Pain Headache Rep. 2020 Jun 27; 24(8):43.CP

Abstract

PURPOSE OF REVIEW

Myofascial pain syndrome (MPS) is a musculoskeletal pain condition that stems from localized, taut regions of skeletal muscle and fascia, termed trigger points. The purpose of this comprehensive review is to provide updated information on prevalence, pathophysiology, and treatment modalities with a focus on interventional modalities in managing MPS.

RECENT FINDINGS

Though MPS can present acutely, it frequently presents as a chronic condition, affecting up to 85% of adults during their lifetime. MPS is an often-overlooked component of pain with overarching effects on society, including patient quality of life, physical and social functioning, emotional well-being, energy, and costs on health care. The prevalence of MPS is generally increased among patients with other chronic pain disorders and has been associated with various other conditions such as bladder pain syndrome, endometriosis, and anxiety. MPS is poorly understood and remains a challenging condition to treat. Non-pharmacologic treatment modalities such as acupuncture, massage, transcutaneous electrical stimulation, and interferential current therapy may offer relief to some patients with MPS. Additional studies are warranted to get a better understanding of managing myofascial pain.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Georgetown University School of Medicine, MedStar Georgetown University Hospital, Washington, DC, USA.Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center, Department of Anesthesiology, Critical Care and Pain Medicine, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA, USA. iurits@bidmc.harvard.edu.Georgetown University School of Medicine, MedStar Georgetown University Hospital, Washington, DC, USA.University of Arizona College of Medicine-Phoenix, Phoenix, AZ, USA.Creighton University School of Medicine-Phoenix Regional Campus, Phoenix, AZ, USA.Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center, Department of Anesthesiology, Critical Care and Pain Medicine, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA, USA.Pain Management Centers of America, Paducah, KY, USA.Department of Anesthesiology, Louisiana State University Health Sciences Center, New Orleans, LA, USA.LSUHSC School of Medicine, Department of Anesthesiology, Shreveport, LA, USA.Department of Anesthesiology, Louisiana State University Health Sciences Center, New Orleans, LA, USA.LSUHSC School of Medicine, Department of Anesthesiology, Shreveport, LA, USA. Valley Anesthesiology and Pain Consultants - Envision Physician Services, Phoenix, AZ, USA. Department of Anesthesiology, Creighton University School of Medicine, Omaha, NE, USA. Department of Anesthesiology, University of Arizona College of Medicine-Phoenix, Phoenix, AZ, USA.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Review

Language

eng

PubMed ID

32594264

Citation

Galasso, Annemarie, et al. "A Comprehensive Review of the Treatment and Management of Myofascial Pain Syndrome." Current Pain and Headache Reports, vol. 24, no. 8, 2020, p. 43.
Galasso A, Urits I, An D, et al. A Comprehensive Review of the Treatment and Management of Myofascial Pain Syndrome. Curr Pain Headache Rep. 2020;24(8):43.
Galasso, A., Urits, I., An, D., Nguyen, D., Borchart, M., Yazdi, C., Manchikanti, L., Kaye, R. J., Kaye, A. D., Mancuso, K. F., & Viswanath, O. (2020). A Comprehensive Review of the Treatment and Management of Myofascial Pain Syndrome. Current Pain and Headache Reports, 24(8), 43. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11916-020-00877-5
Galasso A, et al. A Comprehensive Review of the Treatment and Management of Myofascial Pain Syndrome. Curr Pain Headache Rep. 2020 Jun 27;24(8):43. PubMed PMID: 32594264.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - A Comprehensive Review of the Treatment and Management of Myofascial Pain Syndrome. AU - Galasso,Annemarie, AU - Urits,Ivan, AU - An,Daniel, AU - Nguyen,Diep, AU - Borchart,Matthew, AU - Yazdi,Cyrus, AU - Manchikanti,Laxmaiah, AU - Kaye,Rachel J, AU - Kaye,Alan D, AU - Mancuso,Ken F, AU - Viswanath,Omar, Y1 - 2020/06/27/ PY - 2020/6/29/entrez KW - Chronic pain KW - Musculoskeletal pain KW - Myofascial pain syndrome KW - Trigger points SP - 43 EP - 43 JF - Current pain and headache reports JO - Curr Pain Headache Rep VL - 24 IS - 8 N2 - PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Myofascial pain syndrome (MPS) is a musculoskeletal pain condition that stems from localized, taut regions of skeletal muscle and fascia, termed trigger points. The purpose of this comprehensive review is to provide updated information on prevalence, pathophysiology, and treatment modalities with a focus on interventional modalities in managing MPS. RECENT FINDINGS: Though MPS can present acutely, it frequently presents as a chronic condition, affecting up to 85% of adults during their lifetime. MPS is an often-overlooked component of pain with overarching effects on society, including patient quality of life, physical and social functioning, emotional well-being, energy, and costs on health care. The prevalence of MPS is generally increased among patients with other chronic pain disorders and has been associated with various other conditions such as bladder pain syndrome, endometriosis, and anxiety. MPS is poorly understood and remains a challenging condition to treat. Non-pharmacologic treatment modalities such as acupuncture, massage, transcutaneous electrical stimulation, and interferential current therapy may offer relief to some patients with MPS. Additional studies are warranted to get a better understanding of managing myofascial pain. SN - 1534-3081 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/32594264/A_Comprehensive_Review_of_the_Treatment_and_Management_of_Myofascial_Pain_Syndrome L2 - https://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11916-020-00877-5 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -
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