Utilizing nanopore sequencing technology for the rapid and comprehensive characterization of eleven HLA loci; addressing the need for deceased donor expedited HLA typing.Hum Immunol. 2020 Aug; 81(8):413-422.HI
The comprehensive characterization of human leukocyte antigen (HLA) genomic sequences remains a challenging problem. Despite the significant advantages of next-generation sequencing (NGS) in the field of Immunogenetics, there has yet to be a single solution for unambiguous, accurate, simple, cost-effective, and timely genotyping necessary for all clinical applications. This report demonstrates the benefits of nanopore sequencing introduced by Oxford Nanopore Technologies (ONT) for HLA genotyping. Samples (n = 120) previously characterized at high-resolution three-field (HR-3F) for 11 loci were assessed using ONT sequencing paired to a single-plex PCR protocol (Holotype) and to two multiplex protocols OmniType (Omixon) and NGSgo®-MX6-1 (GenDx). The results demonstrate the potential of nanopore sequencing for delivering accurate HR-3F typing with a simple, rapid, and cost-effective protocol. The protocol is applicable to time-sensitive applications, such as deceased donor typings, enabling better assessments of compatibility and epitope analysis. The technology also allows significantly shorter turnaround time for multiple samples at a lower cost. Overall, the nanopore technology appears to offer a significant advancement over current next-generation sequencing platforms as a single solution for all HLA genotyping needs.