Comparison of Postoperative Smoking Cessation Rates of Patients with Benign or Premalignant Vocal Cord Lesions.Sisli Etfal Hastan Tip Bul. 2018; 52(2):114-118.SE
It has been determined that cigarette is a risk factor for squamous cell carcinomas of the oral cavity, esophagus, and larynx. We aimed to investigate the role of histopathological diagnosis of the lesion in smoker patients with vocal cord lesion on smoking cessation rates and to determine strategies to help them quit smoking.
In this prospective clinical study, we included 182 (112 male, 70 female) smoker patients who underwent direct laryngoscopy and biopsy due to premalignant (dysplasia) or benign (polyp, leukoplasia, nodule) vocal cord lesions between July 2014 and December 2017 at our clinic. Smoking habits (ex-smoker, current smoker) of all smoker patients were questioned at least 6 months postoperatively, and postoperative smoking cessation rates were compared.
When the smoking cessation rates of the patients with benign and premalignant vocal cord lesions were evaluated, the smoking cessation rate of the patients with premalignant vocal cord lesions was 3.45 times higher than that of the patients with benign vocal cord lesions (OR, 3.45; 95% CI, 1.76-6.74) (p<0.001). The postoperative application rate of the patients to smoking cessation outpatient clinics was low (6%). Male patients with premalignant lesions were more likely to quit smoking than female patients (p=0.001).
Patients with premalignant vocal cord lesions had higher smoking cessation rates. Premalignant vocal cord lesions require clinical follow-up and treatment because of the risk and potential for their transformation into in situ or invasive laryngeal carcinomas.