Repetitive Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation for Dysesthesia Caused by Subacute Myelo-Optico-Neuropathy: A Case Report.Case Rep Neurol. 2020 May-Aug; 12(2):169-174.CR
Subacute myelo-optico-neuropathy (SMON) is caused by the ingestion of clioquinol (5-chloro-7-iodo-8-hydroxyquinoline), which is an intestinal antibacterial drug. Patients with SMON typically suffer from abnormal dysesthesia in the lower limbs, which cannot explain the mechanism only in pathology and electrophysiology. Neuromodulation therapies are increasingly being investigated as a means of alleviating abnormal sensory disturbances. We report here the response to repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) for dysesthesia in a patient with SMON. The patient underwent rTMS treatment once per week for 12 weeks. rTMS was administered at 10 Hz, 90% of the resting motor threshold over the bilateral primary motor cortex foot area, for a total of 1,500 stimuli per day. After the treatment had finished at 12 weeks, the abnormal dysesthesia gradually declined. At first, there were improvements only in the area with a feeling of adherence. Later, this sensation was eliminated. Three months following the application, most of the feeling of adherence had disappeared and the feeling of tightness was slightly reduced. In contrast, the throbbing feeling had not changed during this period. Dysesthesia may indicate a process of central sensitization, which would contribute to chronic neuromuscular dysfunction. This case suggests that rTMS is a promising therapeutic application for dysesthesia.