[Comparative characteristics of enzymatic hydrolysis methods for isolating toxic substances from blood and hair].Sud Med Ekspert. 2020; 63(3):23-29.SM
The aim of study was to develop methods for the hydrolysis with hyaluronidases for the isolation of drugs (phenobarbital, diphenhydramine hydrochloride and phenibut) from biological objects (blood, hair) and to compare their effectivenes with previously developed methods of enzymatic hydrolysis. The studies were carried out using model «blood - model drug substance (MDS)», a natural and artificially colored wool (hair) of laboratory animals - guinea pigs of white, red and black natural colors, which were daily given a solution of MDS and then were subjected to cosmetic effects - coloring. The isolation of MDS from the model complex «blood - MDS» and from wool was carried out using the developed methods of hydrolysis with proteolytic enzymes (papain, chymopsin and chymotrypsin) and hyaluronidase. Phenobarbital and diphenhydramine from hydrolysates were extracted by liquid-liquid extraction method, phenibut - by direct freezing extraction with acetonitrile. The analysis of the extracts was carried out by gas chromatography with mass selective detection. The results showed that the developed methods of enzymatic hydrolysis can be recommended for isolating substances of various properties (acidic, amphoteric and alkaline) from blood, natural and artificially colored wool (hair).