[Diagnosis and treatment of acute low back pain].Ter Arkh. 2019 Aug 15; 91(8):155-159.TA
Low back pain (LBP) is frequent cause for visit to the doctor and common cause of disability. Modern experts' recommendations for diagnostics and treatment of acute LBP are presented. Common mistakes, difficulties in diagnostics and treatment of acute LBP are discussed. Diagnosis of non - specific acute LBP is based on clinical examination and exclusion of specific causes of back pain. Instrumental studies are not needed in most cases of acute LBP. Key steps in the treatment of patients with acute non - specific LBP are to inform of patients about good prognosis of pain, to recommend daily activity and avoidance of bed rest, to prescribe nonsteroidal anti - inflammatory drug for pain reducing. Effectiveness of vitamins B in acute LBP is discussed.