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The Hydrodynamics of Jellyfish Swimming.
Ann Rev Mar Sci. 2020 Jun 29 [Online ahead of print]AR

Abstract

Jellyfish have provided insight into important components of animal propulsion, such as suction thrust, passive energy recapture, vortex wall effects, and the rotational mechanics of turning. These traits are critically important to jellyfish because they must propel themselves despite severe limitations on force production imposed by rudimentary cnidarian muscular structures. Consequently, jellyfish swimming can occur only by careful orchestration of fluid interactions. Yet these mechanics may be more broadly instructive because they also characterize processes shared with other animal swimmers, whose structural and neurological complexity can obscure these interactions. In comparison with other animal models, the structural simplicity, comparative energetic efficiency, and ease of use in laboratory experimentation allow jellyfish to serve as favorable test subjects for exploration of the hydrodynamic bases of animal propulsion. These same attributes also make jellyfish valuable models for insight into biomimetic or bioinspired engineering of swimming vehicles. Here, we review advances in understanding of propulsive mechanics derived from jellyfish models as a pathway toward the application of animal mechanics to vehicle designs. Expected final online publication date for the Annual Review of Marine Science, Volume 13 is January 3, 2021. Please see http://www.annualreviews.org/page/journal/pubdates for revised estimates.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Biology, Providence College, Providence, Rhode Island 02918, USA; email: costello@providence.edu.Department of Marine Biology and Environmental Science, Roger Williams University, Bristol, Rhode Island 02809, USA; email: scolin@rwu.edu.Graduate Aerospace Laboratories and Department of Mechanical and Civil Engineering, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, California 91125, USA; email: jodabiri@caltech.edu.Department of Integrative Biology, University of South Florida, Tampa, Florida 33620, USA; email: bgemmell@usf.edu.School for Environment and Sustainability, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan 48109, USA; email: kelsey.n.lucas@gmail.com.Oregon Institute of Marine Biology, University of Oregon, Eugene, Oregon 97403, USA; email: ksuth@uoregon.edu.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

32600216

Citation

Costello, John H., et al. "The Hydrodynamics of Jellyfish Swimming." Annual Review of Marine Science, 2020.
Costello JH, Colin SP, Dabiri JO, et al. The Hydrodynamics of Jellyfish Swimming. Ann Rev Mar Sci. 2020.
Costello, J. H., Colin, S. P., Dabiri, J. O., Gemmell, B. J., Lucas, K. N., & Sutherland, K. R. (2020). The Hydrodynamics of Jellyfish Swimming. Annual Review of Marine Science. https://doi.org/10.1146/annurev-marine-031120-091442
Costello JH, et al. The Hydrodynamics of Jellyfish Swimming. Ann Rev Mar Sci. 2020 Jun 29; PubMed PMID: 32600216.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - The Hydrodynamics of Jellyfish Swimming. AU - Costello,John H, AU - Colin,Sean P, AU - Dabiri,John O, AU - Gemmell,Brad J, AU - Lucas,Kelsey N, AU - Sutherland,Kelly R, Y1 - 2020/06/29/ PY - 2020/7/1/entrez JF - Annual review of marine science JO - Ann Rev Mar Sci N2 - Jellyfish have provided insight into important components of animal propulsion, such as suction thrust, passive energy recapture, vortex wall effects, and the rotational mechanics of turning. These traits are critically important to jellyfish because they must propel themselves despite severe limitations on force production imposed by rudimentary cnidarian muscular structures. Consequently, jellyfish swimming can occur only by careful orchestration of fluid interactions. Yet these mechanics may be more broadly instructive because they also characterize processes shared with other animal swimmers, whose structural and neurological complexity can obscure these interactions. In comparison with other animal models, the structural simplicity, comparative energetic efficiency, and ease of use in laboratory experimentation allow jellyfish to serve as favorable test subjects for exploration of the hydrodynamic bases of animal propulsion. These same attributes also make jellyfish valuable models for insight into biomimetic or bioinspired engineering of swimming vehicles. Here, we review advances in understanding of propulsive mechanics derived from jellyfish models as a pathway toward the application of animal mechanics to vehicle designs. Expected final online publication date for the Annual Review of Marine Science, Volume 13 is January 3, 2021. Please see http://www.annualreviews.org/page/journal/pubdates for revised estimates. SN - 1941-0611 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/32600216/The_Hydrodynamics_of_Jellyfish_Swimming L2 - https://arjournals.annualreviews.org/doi/10.1146/annurev-marine-031120-091442?url_ver=Z39.88-2003&rfr_id=ori:rid:crossref.org&rfr_dat=cr_pub=pubmed DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -
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