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COVID-19 and Dentistry: Prevention in Dental Practice, a Literature Review.
Int J Environ Res Public Health. 2020 06 26; 17(12)IJ

Abstract

SARS-CoV-2 is a member of the family of coronaviruses. The first cases were recorded in Wuhan, China, between December 2019 and January 2020. Italy is one of the most affected countries in Europe. COVID-19 is a new challenge in modern dentistry. New guidelines are required in dental clinics to avoid contagion caused by cross-infections. A narrative review was performed using both primary sources, such as scientific articles and secondary ones, such as bibliographic indexes, web pages, and databases. The main search engines were PubMed, SciELO, and Google Scholar. Twelve articles were selected to develop the bibliographic review by applying pre-established inclusion and exclusion criteria. Precautionary measures should be applied to control COVID-19 in clinical practice. Several authors have highlighted the importance of telephone triage and/or clinic questionnaires, body temperature measurement, usage of personal protective equipment, surface disinfection with ethanol between 62% and 71%, high-speed instruments equipped with an anti-retraction system, four-handed work, and large-volume cannulas for aspiration. Clinically, the use of a rubber dam is essential. FFP2 (or N95) and FFP3 respirators, if compared to surgical masks, provide greater protection for health workers against viral respiratory infections. Further accurate studies are needed to confirm this.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Biomedical, Surgical and Dental Sciences, University of Milan, 20122 Milan, Italy.Department of Biomedical, Surgical and Dental Sciences, University of Milan, 20122 Milan, Italy.Department of Biomedical, Surgical and Dental Sciences, University of Milan, 20122 Milan, Italy.Department of Biomedical, Surgical and Dental Sciences, University of Milan, 20122 Milan, Italy.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Review

Language

eng

PubMed ID

32604906

Citation

Villani, Federico Alcide, et al. "COVID-19 and Dentistry: Prevention in Dental Practice, a Literature Review." International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, vol. 17, no. 12, 2020.
Villani FA, Aiuto R, Paglia L, et al. COVID-19 and Dentistry: Prevention in Dental Practice, a Literature Review. Int J Environ Res Public Health. 2020;17(12).
Villani, F. A., Aiuto, R., Paglia, L., & Re, D. (2020). COVID-19 and Dentistry: Prevention in Dental Practice, a Literature Review. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 17(12). https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17124609
Villani FA, et al. COVID-19 and Dentistry: Prevention in Dental Practice, a Literature Review. Int J Environ Res Public Health. 2020 06 26;17(12) PubMed PMID: 32604906.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - COVID-19 and Dentistry: Prevention in Dental Practice, a Literature Review. AU - Villani,Federico Alcide, AU - Aiuto,Riccardo, AU - Paglia,Luigi, AU - Re,Dino, Y1 - 2020/06/26/ PY - 2020/05/11/received PY - 2020/06/12/revised PY - 2020/06/22/accepted PY - 2020/7/2/entrez PY - 2020/7/2/pubmed PY - 2020/7/24/medline KW - Covid-19 KW - PPE KW - dental practice KW - dentistry KW - hygiene KW - infection KW - mask JF - International journal of environmental research and public health JO - Int J Environ Res Public Health VL - 17 IS - 12 N2 - SARS-CoV-2 is a member of the family of coronaviruses. The first cases were recorded in Wuhan, China, between December 2019 and January 2020. Italy is one of the most affected countries in Europe. COVID-19 is a new challenge in modern dentistry. New guidelines are required in dental clinics to avoid contagion caused by cross-infections. A narrative review was performed using both primary sources, such as scientific articles and secondary ones, such as bibliographic indexes, web pages, and databases. The main search engines were PubMed, SciELO, and Google Scholar. Twelve articles were selected to develop the bibliographic review by applying pre-established inclusion and exclusion criteria. Precautionary measures should be applied to control COVID-19 in clinical practice. Several authors have highlighted the importance of telephone triage and/or clinic questionnaires, body temperature measurement, usage of personal protective equipment, surface disinfection with ethanol between 62% and 71%, high-speed instruments equipped with an anti-retraction system, four-handed work, and large-volume cannulas for aspiration. Clinically, the use of a rubber dam is essential. FFP2 (or N95) and FFP3 respirators, if compared to surgical masks, provide greater protection for health workers against viral respiratory infections. Further accurate studies are needed to confirm this. SN - 1660-4601 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/32604906/COVID-19_and_Dentistry:_Prevention_in_Dental_Practice,_a_Literature_Review L2 - https://www.mdpi.com/resolver?pii=ijerph17124609 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -