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Characteristics of aerobic vaginitis among women in Xi'an district: a hospital-based study.
BMC Womens Health. 2020 Jun 30; 20(1):138.BW

Abstract

BACKGROUND

Aerobic vaginitis (AV) is a reproductive tract infection that affects health of women. The objective of this study was to analyze the characteristics of simple and mixed AV patients in Xi'an district and provide reference data for the clinical treatment of AV.

METHODS

Patients were recruited from the outpatient Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology in the First Affiliated Hospital of Xi'an Jiaotong University from September 2014 to April 2019 in strict accordance with inclusion and exclusion criteria. The study principally examined the vaginal ecosystem, age distribution, levels of functional enzymes, and changes in pH levels in these women. Differences within groups were analyzed.

RESULTS

A total of 284 AV patients were enrolled to investigate the distribution of simple and mixed AV infection. AV infection was found to be mainly simple infection. Simple AV patients were generally aged 50-60 years, while mixed AV patients were mostly aged 30-40 years. In the present study, the density of vaginal bacteria (OR = 13.294, 95% CI = 5.869-30.115, P < 0.01), the type of predominant bacteria (OR = 3.962, 95% CI = 1.785-7.984, P < 0.01) and positive expression of coagulase (OR = 3.789, 95% CI = 1.798-7.984, P < 0.01) were considered risk factors for mixed AV infection.

CONCLUSIONS

The epidemiology of simple and mixed AV infection were found to be different, with density of vaginal bacteria (I or IV), species that are predominant and levels of coagulase being risk factors for mixed AV infection.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, the First Affiliated Hospital of Xi'an Jiaotong University, No.277, Yanta Western Road, Xi'an, 710061, Shaanxi Province, China.Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, the First Affiliated Hospital of Xi'an Jiaotong University, No.277, Yanta Western Road, Xi'an, 710061, Shaanxi Province, China.Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Shaanxi Provincial People's Hospital, Xi'an, 710068, Shaanxi, China.Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, the First Affiliated Hospital of Xi'an Jiaotong University, No.277, Yanta Western Road, Xi'an, 710061, Shaanxi Province, China.Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, the First Affiliated Hospital of Xi'an Jiaotong University, No.277, Yanta Western Road, Xi'an, 710061, Shaanxi Province, China.Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, the First Affiliated Hospital of Xi'an Jiaotong University, No.277, Yanta Western Road, Xi'an, 710061, Shaanxi Province, China.Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, the First Affiliated Hospital of Xi'an Jiaotong University, No.277, Yanta Western Road, Xi'an, 710061, Shaanxi Province, China.Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, the First Affiliated Hospital of Xi'an Jiaotong University, No.277, Yanta Western Road, Xi'an, 710061, Shaanxi Province, China. anruifang20@163.com.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

32605571

Citation

Zhang, Taohong, et al. "Characteristics of Aerobic Vaginitis Among Women in Xi'an District: a Hospital-based Study." BMC Women's Health, vol. 20, no. 1, 2020, p. 138.
Zhang T, Xue Y, Yue T, et al. Characteristics of aerobic vaginitis among women in Xi'an district: a hospital-based study. BMC Womens Health. 2020;20(1):138.
Zhang, T., Xue, Y., Yue, T., Xiong, L., Wang, X., Wang, W., Liu, Y., & An, R. (2020). Characteristics of aerobic vaginitis among women in Xi'an district: a hospital-based study. BMC Women's Health, 20(1), 138. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12905-020-00997-5
Zhang T, et al. Characteristics of Aerobic Vaginitis Among Women in Xi'an District: a Hospital-based Study. BMC Womens Health. 2020 Jun 30;20(1):138. PubMed PMID: 32605571.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Characteristics of aerobic vaginitis among women in Xi'an district: a hospital-based study. AU - Zhang,Taohong, AU - Xue,Yan, AU - Yue,Ting, AU - Xiong,Lili, AU - Wang,Xiaowei, AU - Wang,Weihong, AU - Liu,Ying, AU - An,Ruifang, Y1 - 2020/06/30/ PY - 2020/01/02/received PY - 2020/06/18/accepted PY - 2020/7/2/entrez PY - 2020/7/2/pubmed PY - 2020/7/2/medline KW - Aerobic vaginitis KW - Mixed infection KW - Vaginal flora SP - 138 EP - 138 JF - BMC women's health JO - BMC Womens Health VL - 20 IS - 1 N2 - BACKGROUND: Aerobic vaginitis (AV) is a reproductive tract infection that affects health of women. The objective of this study was to analyze the characteristics of simple and mixed AV patients in Xi'an district and provide reference data for the clinical treatment of AV. METHODS: Patients were recruited from the outpatient Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology in the First Affiliated Hospital of Xi'an Jiaotong University from September 2014 to April 2019 in strict accordance with inclusion and exclusion criteria. The study principally examined the vaginal ecosystem, age distribution, levels of functional enzymes, and changes in pH levels in these women. Differences within groups were analyzed. RESULTS: A total of 284 AV patients were enrolled to investigate the distribution of simple and mixed AV infection. AV infection was found to be mainly simple infection. Simple AV patients were generally aged 50-60 years, while mixed AV patients were mostly aged 30-40 years. In the present study, the density of vaginal bacteria (OR = 13.294, 95% CI = 5.869-30.115, P < 0.01), the type of predominant bacteria (OR = 3.962, 95% CI = 1.785-7.984, P < 0.01) and positive expression of coagulase (OR = 3.789, 95% CI = 1.798-7.984, P < 0.01) were considered risk factors for mixed AV infection. CONCLUSIONS: The epidemiology of simple and mixed AV infection were found to be different, with density of vaginal bacteria (I or IV), species that are predominant and levels of coagulase being risk factors for mixed AV infection. SN - 1472-6874 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/32605571/Characteristics_of_aerobic_vaginitis_among_women_in_Xi'an_district:_a_hospital-based_study L2 - https://bmcwomenshealth.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s12905-020-00997-5 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -
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