Clinical outcomes of sacral neuromodulation in non-neurogenic, non-obstructive dysuria: A 5-year retrospective, multicentre study in China.World J Clin Cases. 2020 Jun 26; 8(12):2494-2501.WJ
Management of non-neurogenic, non-obstructive dysuria represents one of the most challenging dilemmas in urological practice. The main clinical symptom is the increase in residual urine. Voiding dysfunction is the main cause of dysuria or urinary retention, mainly due to the decrease in bladder contraction (the decrease in contraction amplitude or duration) or the increase in outflow tract resistance. Sacral neuromodulation (SNM) has been used for > 10 years to treat many kinds of lower urinary tract dysfunction. It has become increasingly popular in China in recent years. Consequently, studies focusing on non-neurogenic, non-obstructive dysuria patients treated by SNM are highly desirable.
To assess the outcome of two-stage SNM in non-neurogenic, non-obstructive dysuria.
Clinical data of 54 patients (26 men, 28 women) with non-neurogenic, non-obstructive dysuria treated by SNM from January 2012 to December 2016 in ten medical centers in China were retrospectively analyzed. All patients received two or more conservative treatments. The voiding diary, urgency score, and quality of life score before operation, after implantation of tined lead in stage I (test period), and during short-term follow-up (latest follow-up) after implantation of the implanted pulse generator in stage II were compared to observe symptom improvements.
Among the 54 study patients, eight refused to implant an implanted pulse generator because of the unsatisfactory effect, and 46 chose to embed the implanted pulse generator at the end of stage I. The conversion rate of stage I to stage II was 85.2%. The average follow-up time was 18.6 mo. There were significant differences between baseline (before stage I) and the test period (after stage I) in residual urine, voiding frequency, average voiding amount, maximum voiding amount, nocturia, urgency score, and quality of life score. The residual urine and urgency score between the test period and the latest follow-up time (after stage II) were also significantly different. No significant differences were observed for other parameters. No wound infection, electrode breakage, or other irreversible adverse events occurred.
SNM is effective for patients with non-neurogenic, non-obstructive dysuria showing a poor response to traditional treatment. The duration of continuous stimulation may be positively correlated with the improvement of residual urine.