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Setting performance and learning goals is useful for active and inactive individuals, if goals are personalized and flexible: commentary on Swann et al. (2020).
Health Psychol Rev. 2020 Jul 01 [Online ahead of print]HP

Abstract

This commentary expands on the recent critical review by Swann et al. (2020) which aimed to update the applications of Goal-Setting Theory (Locke & Latham, 2019) in physical activity promotion. Drawing from other work on goal striving and behaviour change, we make four key points to further elaborate on Swann et al.'s review. First, goals are more likely to be enacted if they are specific, personally relevant and pursued for autonomous motives; performance goals can be useful for inactive individuals if set appropriately and self-endorsed. Second, goal striving needs to be flexible and adjustable, and to consider goal priorities and time factors relevant to goal engagement and disengagement. Goal-Setting Theory would therefore benefit from being expanded to add the factors of goal priority, context, and time. Third, research on goal setting in physical activity could benefit from embracing idiographic designs and interventions. Fourth, other theoretical approaches to goal striving should be considered when discussing goal setting in physical activity promotion.

Authors+Show Affiliations

SWPS University of Social Sciences and Humanities, Wrocław, Poland. NHMRC CRE in Digital Technology to Transform Chronic Disease Outcomes, Melbourne School of Population and Global Health, University of Melbourne, Melbourne, Australia.Physical Activity and Well-Being Research Group, School of Psychology, Curtin University, Perth, Australia.Population Health Sciences Institute, Newcastle University, Newcastle upon Tyne, United Kingdom. NIHR Policy Research Unit Behavioural Science, Newcastle University, Newcastle upon Tyne, United Kingdom.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

32608326

Citation

Kwasnicka, Dominika, et al. "Setting Performance and Learning Goals Is Useful for Active and Inactive Individuals, if Goals Are Personalized and Flexible: Commentary On Swann Et Al. (2020)." Health Psychology Review, 2020, pp. 1-5.
Kwasnicka D, Ntoumanis N, Sniehotta FF. Setting performance and learning goals is useful for active and inactive individuals, if goals are personalized and flexible: commentary on Swann et al. (2020). Health Psychol Rev. 2020.
Kwasnicka, D., Ntoumanis, N., & Sniehotta, F. F. (2020). Setting performance and learning goals is useful for active and inactive individuals, if goals are personalized and flexible: commentary on Swann et al. (2020). Health Psychology Review, 1-5. https://doi.org/10.1080/17437199.2020.1762107
Kwasnicka D, Ntoumanis N, Sniehotta FF. Setting Performance and Learning Goals Is Useful for Active and Inactive Individuals, if Goals Are Personalized and Flexible: Commentary On Swann Et Al. (2020). Health Psychol Rev. 2020 Jul 1;1-5. PubMed PMID: 32608326.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Setting performance and learning goals is useful for active and inactive individuals, if goals are personalized and flexible: commentary on Swann et al. (2020). AU - Kwasnicka,Dominika, AU - Ntoumanis,Nikos, AU - Sniehotta,Falko F, Y1 - 2020/07/01/ PY - 2020/7/2/entrez PY - 2020/7/2/pubmed PY - 2020/7/2/medline KW - Goal setting KW - goal-setting theory KW - idiographic design KW - learning goals KW - performance goals KW - physical activity SP - 1 EP - 5 JF - Health psychology review JO - Health Psychol Rev N2 - This commentary expands on the recent critical review by Swann et al. (2020) which aimed to update the applications of Goal-Setting Theory (Locke & Latham, 2019) in physical activity promotion. Drawing from other work on goal striving and behaviour change, we make four key points to further elaborate on Swann et al.'s review. First, goals are more likely to be enacted if they are specific, personally relevant and pursued for autonomous motives; performance goals can be useful for inactive individuals if set appropriately and self-endorsed. Second, goal striving needs to be flexible and adjustable, and to consider goal priorities and time factors relevant to goal engagement and disengagement. Goal-Setting Theory would therefore benefit from being expanded to add the factors of goal priority, context, and time. Third, research on goal setting in physical activity could benefit from embracing idiographic designs and interventions. Fourth, other theoretical approaches to goal striving should be considered when discussing goal setting in physical activity promotion. SN - 1743-7202 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/32608326/Setting_performance_and_learning_goals_is_useful_for_active_and_inactive_individuals,_if_goals_are_personalized_and_flexible:_commentary_on_Swann_et_al._(2020) L2 - http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/17437199.2020.1762107 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -
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