[Red Mud-activated Peroxymonosulfate for Ciprofloxacin Degradation: Efficiency and Mechanism].Huan Jing Ke Xue. 2020 Apr 08; 41(4):1743-1751.HJ
In this paper, the effects and mechanism of ciprofloxacin (CIP) degradation with peroxymonosulfate (PMS) catalyzed by solid waste red mud (RM) was firstly studied. The results indicated that RM has large specific surface area (10.96 m2·g-1) and complex pore structure, containing ferric, alumina and calcium oxide, which enhanced ciprofloxacin degradation by PMS effectively. Radical quenching experiments revealed that SO4-·and HO·were contributed to ciprofloxacin oxidation, and the reaction was mainly occurred on RM's surface. An increase in temperature could accelerate CIP degradation, and the corresponding reaction activation energy Ea was about 5.74 kJ·mol-1. Meanwhile, CIP degradation rate increased with PMS concentration and the optimal dosage of RM was 1.0 g·L-1. Eight degradation intermediates were identified using HPLC/MS/MS, and consequently, CIP was degraded mainly through two pathways; the piperazine groups were preferentially attacked by active free radicals. This study further indicated that RM is a cheap catalyst and can be potentially used in the treatment of antibiotic contaminated wastewater.