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A cross-sectional association of physical fitness with positive and negative affect in children and adolescents: The up & down study physical fitness and affect in youth.
Pediatr Int. 2020 Jul 01 [Online ahead of print]PI

Abstract

BACKGROUND

Affect and physical fitness play an important role in psychological and physical health, however, the association between those variables in youth remains still unknown. The aim of the present study was to examine the influence of physical fitness on positive and negative affect in Spanish children and adolescents.

METHOD

1490 healthy Spanish youths were recruited for the present study 542 children (n=272 girls; mean age 9.6 years) and 948 adolescents (n=454 girls; mean age 14.1 years) with complete baseline data on health related fitness tests (20-m shuttle run test, 4x10-m test, muscular fitness index and physical fitness index), and positive and negative affect (Positive and Negative Affect Schedule, PANASN).

RESULTS

Higher performance on physical fitness components was associated with positive affect (β= -0.176-0.118, all p<0.05). There was no association between all physical fitness components and negative affect (β= -0.100-0.15, all p>0.05). There were differences on positive affect between the lowest and the highest quartile of physical fitness index in boys (p=0.037, Cohen's d 0.60) and girls (p=0.004, Cohen's d 0.69), and between the lowest and the highest quartile of muscular fitness index in girls (p<0.001, Cohen's d 0.76).

CONCLUSIONS

Promoting physical activity during the school years, which involves strength exercises to increase muscular fitness, could improve positive affect levels and thus the psychological health.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Physical Education, School of Education, University of Cádiz, Puerto Real, Spain.MOVE-IT Research group and Department of Physical Education, Faculty of Education Sciences, University of Cádiz, Cádiz, Spain. Biomedical Research and Innovation Institute of Cádiz (INiBICA) Research Unit, Cádiz, Spain.GALENO research group, Department of Physical Education, School of Education, University of Cádiz, Puerto Real, Spain. Biomedical Research and Innovation Institute of Cádiz (INiBICA) Research Unit, Cádiz, Spain.Department of Physical Education, Sports and Human Movement, Autonomous University of Madrid, Madrid, Spain.Nursing Department, Faculty of Biomedical and Health Sciences, European University of Madrid, Spain, Madrid.Research Centre on Physical Activity, Health and Leisure, Faculty of Sport, University of Porto, Porto, Portugal.GALENO research group, Department of Physical Education, School of Education, University of Cádiz, Puerto Real, Spain. Biomedical Research and Innovation Institute of Cádiz (INiBICA) Research Unit, Cádiz, Spain.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

32609931

Citation

Del Río-de Cózar, Paula, et al. "A Cross-sectional Association of Physical Fitness With Positive and Negative Affect in Children and Adolescents: the Up & Down Study Physical Fitness and Affect in Youth." Pediatrics International : Official Journal of the Japan Pediatric Society, 2020.
Del Río-de Cózar P, Carbonell-Baeza A, Padilla-Moledo C, et al. A cross-sectional association of physical fitness with positive and negative affect in children and adolescents: The up & down study physical fitness and affect in youth. Pediatr Int. 2020.
Del Río-de Cózar, P., Carbonell-Baeza, A., Padilla-Moledo, C., Veiga, O. L., Esteban-Gonzalo, L., Mota, J., & Castro-Piñero, J. (2020). A cross-sectional association of physical fitness with positive and negative affect in children and adolescents: The up & down study physical fitness and affect in youth. Pediatrics International : Official Journal of the Japan Pediatric Society. https://doi.org/10.1111/ped.14366
Del Río-de Cózar P, et al. A Cross-sectional Association of Physical Fitness With Positive and Negative Affect in Children and Adolescents: the Up & Down Study Physical Fitness and Affect in Youth. Pediatr Int. 2020 Jul 1; PubMed PMID: 32609931.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - A cross-sectional association of physical fitness with positive and negative affect in children and adolescents: The up & down study physical fitness and affect in youth. AU - Del Río-de Cózar,Paula, AU - Carbonell-Baeza,Ana, AU - Padilla-Moledo,Carmen, AU - Veiga,Oscar L, AU - Esteban-Gonzalo,Laura, AU - Mota,Jorge, AU - Castro-Piñero,José, Y1 - 2020/07/01/ PY - 2020/7/2/entrez PY - 2020/7/2/pubmed PY - 2020/7/2/medline KW - PANASN KW - and youth KW - muscular fitness index KW - physical fitness index JF - Pediatrics international : official journal of the Japan Pediatric Society JO - Pediatr Int N2 - BACKGROUND: Affect and physical fitness play an important role in psychological and physical health, however, the association between those variables in youth remains still unknown. The aim of the present study was to examine the influence of physical fitness on positive and negative affect in Spanish children and adolescents. METHOD: 1490 healthy Spanish youths were recruited for the present study 542 children (n=272 girls; mean age 9.6 years) and 948 adolescents (n=454 girls; mean age 14.1 years) with complete baseline data on health related fitness tests (20-m shuttle run test, 4x10-m test, muscular fitness index and physical fitness index), and positive and negative affect (Positive and Negative Affect Schedule, PANASN). RESULTS: Higher performance on physical fitness components was associated with positive affect (β= -0.176-0.118, all p<0.05). There was no association between all physical fitness components and negative affect (β= -0.100-0.15, all p>0.05). There were differences on positive affect between the lowest and the highest quartile of physical fitness index in boys (p=0.037, Cohen's d 0.60) and girls (p=0.004, Cohen's d 0.69), and between the lowest and the highest quartile of muscular fitness index in girls (p<0.001, Cohen's d 0.76). CONCLUSIONS: Promoting physical activity during the school years, which involves strength exercises to increase muscular fitness, could improve positive affect levels and thus the psychological health. SN - 1442-200X UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/32609931/A_cross-sectional_association_of_physical_fitness_with_positive_and_negative_affect_in_children_and_adolescents:_The_up__down_study_physical_fitness_and_affect_in_youth L2 - https://doi.org/10.1111/ped.14366 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -
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