Bizarre Parosteal Osteochondromatous Proliferation (Nora Lesion) in Pediatric Phalanges.J Hand Surg Am. 2020 Jun 28 [Online ahead of print]JH
Bizarre parosteal osteochondromatous proliferation, or Nora tumor, is an uncommon lesion affecting the tubular bones of the hands and feet. Normally arising from the cortical surface and periosteum of these bones, these lesions histologically consist of a hypercellular cartilaginous cap covering a bony stalk that is surrounded by ossified areas and spindle cell stroma. The differential diagnosis includes conditions involving the periosteum such as chondrosarcoma, parosteal osteosarcoma, osteochondroma, turret exostosis, and florid reactive periostitis. The only effective treatment is wide surgical excision; nevertheless, local recurrence rates are extremely high and may necessitate revision surgery. In the present study, we report 3 cases of Nora lesion located in the hand in pediatric patients. The diagnosis in these cases was challenging owing to their presenting symptoms and radiographic findings. The diagnosis was made based on characteristic findings noted on the radiographic images and was confirmed by histological examination following excision.