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Comparison of antimicrobial efficacy of aqueous ozone, green tea, and normal saline as irrigants in pulpectomy procedures of primary teeth.
J Indian Soc Pedod Prev Dent. 2020 Apr-Jun; 38(2):164-170.JI

Abstract

Aim

Sodium hypochlorite, though considered an ideal root canal irrigant, cannot be used at required concentrations in children, due to its undesirable effects. Hence, it is imperative to search for an ideal root canal irrigant to avoid these undesirable effects which we hope to achieve with this study. The antimicrobial efficacy of aqueous ozone, green tea, and normal saline as irrigants in pulpectomy procedures of the primary teeth has been compared.

Materials and Methods

Sixty patients between 4 and 8 years of age with a single-rooted deciduous tooth indicated for pulpectomy were included. The infected teeth were randomly allocated to one of the three treatment groups based on the irrigating agents used, namely normal saline, green tea extract, or ozonated water. Specimens for anaerobic culture were collected three times from the teeth: before irrigation, after initial irrigation, and on the 3rd day after final irrigation.

Results and Conclusion

Mean colony forming unit (CFU) count after both initial and final irrigation with ozonated water was significantly lower when compared with green tea and normal saline. Further, it was observed that the mean CFU count with green tea was significantly lower than the counts obtained with normal saline on the 3rd day after final irrigation. Hence, both ozonated water and green tea could be considered a good alternative to conventional root canal irrigants in the primary teeth. Larger sample sizes with a larger variety of irrigants are recommended.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Pedodontics and Preventive Dentistry, Bhabha College of Dental Sciences, Bhopal, India.Department of Pedodontics and Preventive Dentistry, People's College of Dental Sciences and Research Centre, Bhopal, India.Department of Oral Medicine and Radiology, GSL Dental College and Hospital, Rajahmundry, Andhra Pradesh, India.Department of Pedodontics and Preventive Dentistry, Children Dental College, Azamgarh, Uttar Pradesh, India.Department of Orthodontics and Maxillofacial Orthopedics, Bhabha College of Dental Sciences, Bhopal, India.Department of Conservative Dentistry and Endodontics, Government College of Dentistry, Indore, Madhya Pradesh, India.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Randomized Controlled Trial

Language

eng

PubMed ID

32611863

Citation

Agarwal, Suchi, et al. "Comparison of Antimicrobial Efficacy of Aqueous Ozone, Green Tea, and Normal Saline as Irrigants in Pulpectomy Procedures of Primary Teeth." Journal of the Indian Society of Pedodontics and Preventive Dentistry, vol. 38, no. 2, 2020, pp. 164-170.
Agarwal S, Tyagi P, Deshpande A, et al. Comparison of antimicrobial efficacy of aqueous ozone, green tea, and normal saline as irrigants in pulpectomy procedures of primary teeth. J Indian Soc Pedod Prev Dent. 2020;38(2):164-170.
Agarwal, S., Tyagi, P., Deshpande, A., Yadav, S., Jain, V., & Rana, K. S. (2020). Comparison of antimicrobial efficacy of aqueous ozone, green tea, and normal saline as irrigants in pulpectomy procedures of primary teeth. Journal of the Indian Society of Pedodontics and Preventive Dentistry, 38(2), 164-170. https://doi.org/10.4103/JISPPD.JISPPD_119_20
Agarwal S, et al. Comparison of Antimicrobial Efficacy of Aqueous Ozone, Green Tea, and Normal Saline as Irrigants in Pulpectomy Procedures of Primary Teeth. J Indian Soc Pedod Prev Dent. 2020 Apr-Jun;38(2):164-170. PubMed PMID: 32611863.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Comparison of antimicrobial efficacy of aqueous ozone, green tea, and normal saline as irrigants in pulpectomy procedures of primary teeth. AU - Agarwal,Suchi, AU - Tyagi,Parimala, AU - Deshpande,Ashwini, AU - Yadav,Saurabh, AU - Jain,Vipul, AU - Rana,Kuldeep Singh, PY - 2020/7/3/entrez PY - 2020/7/3/pubmed PY - 2020/7/4/medline KW - Anaerobic bacteria KW - deciduous teeth KW - green tea KW - ozone KW - primary teeth KW - root canal irrigants SP - 164 EP - 170 JF - Journal of the Indian Society of Pedodontics and Preventive Dentistry JO - J Indian Soc Pedod Prev Dent VL - 38 IS - 2 N2 - Aim: Sodium hypochlorite, though considered an ideal root canal irrigant, cannot be used at required concentrations in children, due to its undesirable effects. Hence, it is imperative to search for an ideal root canal irrigant to avoid these undesirable effects which we hope to achieve with this study. The antimicrobial efficacy of aqueous ozone, green tea, and normal saline as irrigants in pulpectomy procedures of the primary teeth has been compared. Materials and Methods: Sixty patients between 4 and 8 years of age with a single-rooted deciduous tooth indicated for pulpectomy were included. The infected teeth were randomly allocated to one of the three treatment groups based on the irrigating agents used, namely normal saline, green tea extract, or ozonated water. Specimens for anaerobic culture were collected three times from the teeth: before irrigation, after initial irrigation, and on the 3rd day after final irrigation. Results and Conclusion: Mean colony forming unit (CFU) count after both initial and final irrigation with ozonated water was significantly lower when compared with green tea and normal saline. Further, it was observed that the mean CFU count with green tea was significantly lower than the counts obtained with normal saline on the 3rd day after final irrigation. Hence, both ozonated water and green tea could be considered a good alternative to conventional root canal irrigants in the primary teeth. Larger sample sizes with a larger variety of irrigants are recommended. SN - 1998-3905 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/32611863/Comparison_of_antimicrobial_efficacy_of_aqueous_ozone,_green_tea,_and_normal_saline_as_irrigants_in_pulpectomy_procedures_of_primary_teeth L2 - https://medlineplus.gov/ozone.html DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -