Cost Drivers Associated With Anterior Shoulder Stabilization Surgery.Orthop J Sports Med. 2020 Jun; 8(6):2325967120926465.OJ
Arthroscopic Bankart repair, open Bankart repair, and the Latarjet procedure are common treatments for anterior shoulder instability; however, little is known of costs by patient- and surgeon-specific factors. This study aimed to identify areas where cost reduction may be achieved.
Increased total charges will be associated with low-volume surgeons and surgical facilities, hospital-owned facilities, open surgical techniques, and patients with at least 1 comorbidity.
Economic and decision analysis; Level of evidence, 3.
The 2014 State Ambulatory Surgery and Services Databases from 6 states were utilized. There were 3 Current Procedural Terminology codes (23455, 23462, 29806) used to identify open Bankart repair, the Latarjet procedure, and arthroscopic Bankart repair, respectively. Patient demographic and surgical variables were evaluated on a univariate basis, and all significant factors were then included in the multiple linear regression to determine which factors had the largest effect on cost. Total charges billed for the encounter were used as a proxy for cost of surgery.
For open Bankart repair, arthroscopic Bankart repair, and the Latarjet procedure, longer operative times increased costs, and high-volume surgical facilities had decreased charges. For the arthroscopic Bankart group, additional factors that increased charges included postoperative hospital admission (US$11,516; P < .001), patient residence in a ZIP code with a below-median income (US$2909; P < .001), presence of a comorbidity (US$1982; P < .001), male sex (US$1545; P = .003), Hispanic race (US$2493; P = .005), and use of regional anesthesia (US$1898; P = .025). Additional cost drivers for the Latarjet procedure included postoperative hospital admission (US$7028; P = .022) and older age (US$187/y; P = .039).
Postoperative admission to the hospital was the largest cost driver for arthroscopic Bankart repair and the Latarjet procedure. Low-volume facilities were the largest cost driver for open Bankart repair. High-volume surgery centers had lower costs when compared with low-volume surgery centers. Regional anesthesia increased costs in the arthroscopic Bankart group. These findings may help to show where cost savings can be achieved, particularly considering increasing trends toward bundled health care payments.