Primary recurrent orbital schwannoma treated with surgical excision and Mitomycin-C.Am J Ophthalmol Case Rep. 2020 Sep; 19:100784.AJ
Primary orbital schwannoma (POS) is a slow growing, benign encapsulated peripheral nerve sheath tumor that occurs infrequently within the orbit. Recurrence of POS is extremely rare. Previous speculations for reasons of recurrence include incomplete excision and tumor seeding.
We present the fifth case reported in the literature to date of POS that had 2 episodes of recurrences within 8 years after diagnosis, in which rapid and insidious relapses were observed after initial surgical resection. This is also the first reported recurrent POS in which topical Mitomycin-C (MMC) has been employed during surgical excision with an aim to prevent further recurrences.
AND IMPORTANCE: Whilst complete surgical excision remained the standard for management for most POS, when there are multiple recurrences and in cases where total excision is not possible, addition of topical MMC may be an option that may bring about tumour regression as demonstrated in our case.