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Firearm Use in Violent Crime: Examining the Role of Premeditation and Motivation in Weapon Choice.
J Prim Prev. 2020 Jul 01 [Online ahead of print]JP

Abstract

Although there is a plethora of research documenting the relationship between firearms and violence, we know little about the influence of offenders' motivation and premeditation as they relate to the choice of weapon for the commission of a violent crime. In this study, we examined a sample of 375 violent crime inmates incarcerated in the New Jersey Department of Corrections. We addressed two research questions: what variables influence the use of a firearm in a violent crime, and do premeditation and motivation increase the odds that an offender will use a firearm in a violent crime? We found that premeditation and motivation are robust covariates of firearm use, which aligns with Rational Choice Theory; this suggests that firearms are used as tools to gain compliance and facilitate the commission of a crime. As a result, prevention strategies that focus on restricting access to firearms to at-risk populations and those that focus on interrupting the cycle of violence may help reduce firearm-related violence, particularly in premeditated events.

Authors+Show Affiliations

School of Criminology and Criminal Justice, Arizona State University, 411 N. Central Ave. Ste. 600, Phoenix, AZ, 85004, USA. Jesenia.Pizarro@asu.edu.Department of Criminology and Criminal Justice, University Park, Florida International University, PCA 336B, 11200 SW 8th Street, Miami, FL, 33199, USA.School of Criminology and Criminal Justice, Arizona State University, 411 N. Central Ave. Ste. 600, Phoenix, AZ, 85004, USA.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

32613521

Citation

Pizarro, Jesenia M., et al. "Firearm Use in Violent Crime: Examining the Role of Premeditation and Motivation in Weapon Choice." The Journal of Primary Prevention, 2020.
Pizarro JM, Zgoba KM, Pelletier KR. Firearm Use in Violent Crime: Examining the Role of Premeditation and Motivation in Weapon Choice. J Prim Prev. 2020.
Pizarro, J. M., Zgoba, K. M., & Pelletier, K. R. (2020). Firearm Use in Violent Crime: Examining the Role of Premeditation and Motivation in Weapon Choice. The Journal of Primary Prevention. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10935-020-00595-z
Pizarro JM, Zgoba KM, Pelletier KR. Firearm Use in Violent Crime: Examining the Role of Premeditation and Motivation in Weapon Choice. J Prim Prev. 2020 Jul 1; PubMed PMID: 32613521.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Firearm Use in Violent Crime: Examining the Role of Premeditation and Motivation in Weapon Choice. AU - Pizarro,Jesenia M, AU - Zgoba,Kristen M, AU - Pelletier,Karissa R, Y1 - 2020/07/01/ PY - 2020/7/3/entrez KW - Firearms KW - Rational choice KW - Violence KW - Weapon selection JF - The journal of primary prevention JO - J Prim Prev N2 - Although there is a plethora of research documenting the relationship between firearms and violence, we know little about the influence of offenders' motivation and premeditation as they relate to the choice of weapon for the commission of a violent crime. In this study, we examined a sample of 375 violent crime inmates incarcerated in the New Jersey Department of Corrections. We addressed two research questions: what variables influence the use of a firearm in a violent crime, and do premeditation and motivation increase the odds that an offender will use a firearm in a violent crime? We found that premeditation and motivation are robust covariates of firearm use, which aligns with Rational Choice Theory; this suggests that firearms are used as tools to gain compliance and facilitate the commission of a crime. As a result, prevention strategies that focus on restricting access to firearms to at-risk populations and those that focus on interrupting the cycle of violence may help reduce firearm-related violence, particularly in premeditated events. SN - 1573-6547 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/32613521/Firearm_Use_in_Violent_Crime:_Examining_the_Role_of_Premeditation_and_Motivation_in_Weapon_Choice L2 - https://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10935-020-00595-z DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -
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