Two different areas of the nucleus glomerulosus in the South American pufferfish, Colomesus asellus.Vis Neurosci. 2020 Jun 17; 37:E003.VN
The nucleus glomerulosus (NG) in paracanthopterygian and acanthopterygian teleost fishes receives afferents from neurons of the nucleus corticalis (NC), whose dendrites extend to the layers, stratum fibrosum et griseum superficiale (SFGS) and stratum griseum centrale (SGC), of the tectum opticum. A re-examination in this study revealed, by means of tracer experiments using biotinylated dextran amine, a separation among both tectal layers, portions of the NC, and target areas in a laminated type of the NG in the South American pufferfish, Colomesus asellus. Neurons of the lateral part of the NC send their dendrites to the SFGS and project to an area located dorsolaterally and centrally in the NG. In contrast, dendrites from neurons of the medial part of the NC run to the SGC, and projections from these neurons terminate in the NG in an area extending from dorsomedial to ventrolateral in the outer portion. Therefore, these two areas in the NG receive input from different sources. The NG in the visual system of tetraodontids may be involved in higher cognitive functions requiring much energy, becoming apparent by its very high level of cytochrome c oxidase activity.