Total nucleated cell counts are driving clinician's choice rather than cryopreservation period: Lesson for cord blood banks.Transfus Apher Sci. 2020 Jun 25 [Online ahead of print]TA
According to the increase in both the number of cryopreserved cord blood (CB) units and the cryopreservation period for each CB unit in the largest public CB bank in Korea, we are pursuing greater efficiency in CB bank management. Thus, we analyzed whether the cryopreservation period has a negative impact on the selection of CB units for CB transplantation (CBT). Until December 2019, 468 CB units were used for transplantation. The cryopreservation period, total nucleated cell (TNC), and CD34+ cell counts were analyzed among the CB units according to the CBT-year and the donation year. The results showed that the cryopreservation period was increased in recent CBT-year groups. The transplanted CB units showed similar TNC counts irrespective of the donation year, and the mean TNC count was 13.9 × 108/unit. CB units cryopreserved for a relatively long period were transplanted consistently. The mean TNC count of CB units cryopreserved for over 10 years was 16.4 × 108/unit. The mean CD34+ cell counts were not significantly different among the CB units transplanted after CBT-2013 and among the CB units donated after CBT-2011. Through an analysis of the CB units selected by clinicians for CBT, this study revealed that clinicians placed more weight on the TNC counts than on the cryopreservation period of cryopreserved CB units. Therefore, the minimum TNC count of CB units suitable for cryopreservation should be increased up to 13.0 × 108/unit to balance the satisfaction of clinicians' needs with the efficiency of the CB bank.