Hypertension With Brachydactyly Syndrome: A Case Report.Cureus. 2020 May 28; 12(5):e8329.C
We describe the case of a 23-year-old African American male who presented to the emergency department complaining of unremitting dyspepsia for the last four months. His blood pressure was incidentally found to be 230/157 mm Hg. The initial admitting diagnosis in the intensive care unit was hypertensive "emergency" as he had also displayed acute kidney injury that was deemed to be superimposed on chronic kidney disease. While the diagnostic work-up of his hypertension was inconclusive, physical examination was impressive for the presence of brachydactyly of the bilateral hands, especially the fourth digits. His feet appeared grossly normal. X-rays (XRs) of the bilateral hands revealed absent distal phalanges and fused middle and distal phalanges of the second digits. XRs of the bilateral feet showed similar findings in addition to the absence or hypoplasia of the lateral cuneiform bones. His family medical history was unknown as the patient was adopted and did not have contact with his biological parents. Given these findings in the setting of uncontrolled hypertension in a young adult, he was diagnosed with hypertension with brachydactyly syndrome.