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An Online Behavioral Health Intervention Promoting Mental Health, Manhood, and Social Support for Young Black Men: The YBMen Project.
Am J Mens Health. 2020 Jul-Aug; 14(4):1557988320937215.AJ

Abstract

Conventional definitions of mental health, manhood, and social support create barriers to accessing behavioral health care for Black men ages 18 to 30. Targeted behavioral health interventions sensitive to culture, social norms, and gender that circumvent these barriers are desperately needed to improve access and integrated care for this group. This article reports mixed methods findings from the 2017 iteration of the Young Black Men, Masculinities, and Mental Health (YBMen) project, a social media-based, psychoeducational program that promotes mental health, progressive definitions of manhood, and sustainable social support for Black men. Young Black men (n = 350) across two universities in the Midwest completed baseline surveys on their mental health, definitions of manhood, and social support. Forty of the men participated in the YBMen intervention and at postintervention reported experiencing fewer depressive symptoms on the Patient Health Questionnaire (PHQ-9, Z = -2.05, p < .01) and the Gotland Male Depression Scale (GMDS; Z = -1.76, p < .05). There were also changes on the Conformity to Masculine Norms Inventory (CMNI) for Self-Reliance (Z = -0.34, p = .26) and Heterosexual Self-Presentation (Z = -0.18, p = .59), though these changes were not statistically significant. A qualitative review of postintervention interviews revealed participants' appreciation of the YBMen project and its influence on their mental health, manhood, and social support. Programmatic efforts that support the behavioral health, positive development, and social relationships of Black men translate into positive families, communities, and experiences as they live, learn, love, and work over the life course.

Authors+Show Affiliations

University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI, USA. Institute for Social Research, Ann Arbor, MI, USA.University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI, USA.University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI, USA.University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI, USA.University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI, USA.University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI, USA.University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI, USA.University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA, USA.University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI, USA.University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI, USA.University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI, USA. Institute for Social Research, Ann Arbor, MI, USA.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

32618489

Citation

Watkins, Daphne C., et al. "An Online Behavioral Health Intervention Promoting Mental Health, Manhood, and Social Support for Young Black Men: the YBMen Project." American Journal of Men's Health, vol. 14, no. 4, 2020, p. 1557988320937215.
Watkins DC, Goodwill JR, Johnson NC, et al. An Online Behavioral Health Intervention Promoting Mental Health, Manhood, and Social Support for Young Black Men: The YBMen Project. Am J Mens Health. 2020;14(4):1557988320937215.
Watkins, D. C., Goodwill, J. R., Johnson, N. C., Casanova, A., Wei, T., Allen, J. O., Williams, E. G., Anyiwo, N., Jackson, Z. A., Talley, L. M., & Abelson, J. M. (2020). An Online Behavioral Health Intervention Promoting Mental Health, Manhood, and Social Support for Young Black Men: The YBMen Project. American Journal of Men's Health, 14(4), 1557988320937215. https://doi.org/10.1177/1557988320937215
Watkins DC, et al. An Online Behavioral Health Intervention Promoting Mental Health, Manhood, and Social Support for Young Black Men: the YBMen Project. Am J Mens Health. 2020 Jul-Aug;14(4):1557988320937215. PubMed PMID: 32618489.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - An Online Behavioral Health Intervention Promoting Mental Health, Manhood, and Social Support for Young Black Men: The YBMen Project. AU - Watkins,Daphne C, AU - Goodwill,Janelle R, AU - Johnson,Natasha C, AU - Casanova,Allura, AU - Wei,Tao, AU - Allen,Julie Ober, AU - Williams,Ed-Dee G, AU - Anyiwo,Nkemka, AU - Jackson,Zachary A, AU - Talley,Lloyd M, AU - Abelson,Jamie M, PY - 2020/7/4/entrez PY - 2020/7/4/pubmed PY - 2020/7/4/medline KW - Intervention KW - gender KW - manhood KW - masculinity KW - mental health KW - psychosocial and cultural issues KW - social media KW - social support SP - 1557988320937215 EP - 1557988320937215 JF - American journal of men's health JO - Am J Mens Health VL - 14 IS - 4 N2 - Conventional definitions of mental health, manhood, and social support create barriers to accessing behavioral health care for Black men ages 18 to 30. Targeted behavioral health interventions sensitive to culture, social norms, and gender that circumvent these barriers are desperately needed to improve access and integrated care for this group. This article reports mixed methods findings from the 2017 iteration of the Young Black Men, Masculinities, and Mental Health (YBMen) project, a social media-based, psychoeducational program that promotes mental health, progressive definitions of manhood, and sustainable social support for Black men. Young Black men (n = 350) across two universities in the Midwest completed baseline surveys on their mental health, definitions of manhood, and social support. Forty of the men participated in the YBMen intervention and at postintervention reported experiencing fewer depressive symptoms on the Patient Health Questionnaire (PHQ-9, Z = -2.05, p < .01) and the Gotland Male Depression Scale (GMDS; Z = -1.76, p < .05). There were also changes on the Conformity to Masculine Norms Inventory (CMNI) for Self-Reliance (Z = -0.34, p = .26) and Heterosexual Self-Presentation (Z = -0.18, p = .59), though these changes were not statistically significant. A qualitative review of postintervention interviews revealed participants' appreciation of the YBMen project and its influence on their mental health, manhood, and social support. Programmatic efforts that support the behavioral health, positive development, and social relationships of Black men translate into positive families, communities, and experiences as they live, learn, love, and work over the life course. SN - 1557-9891 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/32618489/An_Online_Behavioral_Health_Intervention_Promoting_Mental_Health,_Manhood,_and_Social_Support_for_Young_Black_Men:_The_YBMen_Project L2 - https://journals.sagepub.com/doi/10.1177/1557988320937215?url_ver=Z39.88-2003&amp;rfr_id=ori:rid:crossref.org&amp;rfr_dat=cr_pub=pubmed DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -
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