Total Synthesis of Acaulide and Acaulone A.Org Lett. 2020 Jul 17; 22(14):5545-5549.OL
Acaulide and acaulone A, which contain 14-membered macrodiolides, were isolated from a culture of Acaulium sp. H-JQSF. The antiosteoporosis activity of acaulide is expected to contribute to drug discovery research for an aging society. We herein report the first total synthesis of acaulide, acaulone A, and 10-keto-acaudiol A. Acaulide and acaulone A were synthesized via the late stage Michael addition to the 14-membered macrodiolide, which was inspired by plausible biosynthetic pathways. This approach succeeded in the construction of the acaulide skeleton, which revealed the specific conformation of the 14-membered macrodiolide for late stage functionalization.