Fourteen-year evaluation of posterior zirconia-based three-unit fixed dental prostheses: A prospective clinical study of all ceramic prosthesis.J Dent. 2020 Jun 30 [Online ahead of print]JD
the purpose of the present prospective trial was to evaluate the clinical performance of posterior 3-unit zirconia-based fixed dental prostheses (FDPs) after 14 years of clinical function.
thirty-seven patients needing to replace either premolars or molars were involved and 48 FDPs were fabricated (Procera Zirconia, Nobel Biocare AB). Frameworks with a9 mm2 cross section of the connectors and 0.6 mm minimum thickness of the retainers were made by means of Procera Forte CAD-CAM System (Nobel Biocare AB). The patients were recalled after 6 and 12 months and then yearly up to a total follow-up of 14 years. Two independent survival curves for patients wearing 1 or 2 FDPs were calculated by means of Kaplan-Meier analysis and a log-rank test was performed in order to compare these curves. The United States Public Health Service criteria were used to examine technical and esthetic outcomes. The biological examination was performed evaluating plaque control, pocket depth, attachment level, bleeding on probing at both abutments and contralateral teeth and evaluated by means of the Wilcoxon test (p < 0.05) between the baseline and the 14-year follow-up.
descriptive statistics resulted in 91% and 99% cumulative survival rates for patients wearing 1 and 2 FDPs, respectively. There were no significant differences in periodontal parameters between control and test teeth. Both function and esthetic results were successful for FDPs over a 14-year follow-up period.
the results of this prospective clinical study confirmed the effectiveness of zirconia as a clinical option to fabricate short-span posterior FDPs.
within the limitations of the present prospective clinical study, zirconia-based three-unit fixed dental prostheses perform satisfactorily on long term, in posterior areas and in patients with standard biomechanical conditions.