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Cultural differences in susceptibility to stereotype threat: France vs. India.
J Gerontol B Psychol Sci Soc Sci. 2020 Jul 04 [Online ahead of print]JG

Abstract

OBJECTIVES

Negative aging stereotypes make older adults perform below their true potential in a number of cognitive domains. This phenomenon, known as Age-Based Stereotype Threat, is currently viewed as a powerful factor contributing to an overestimation of cognitive decline in normal aging. However, age-based stereotype threat has been investigated almost exclusively in Western countries. Whether this phenomenon is universal or culture-specific is unknown.

METHODS

Here, we first ran a pilot study (N=106) in which we assessed French and Indian participants' attitudes towards aging. Then, we assessed stereotype threat effects on arithmetic problem-solving performance and strategies in French and Indian older adults (N=104).

RESULTS

We found that French older adults have more negative implicit attitudes towards aging than Indian older adults. We also found that culture modulates age-based stereotype threat effects. Whereas French older adults experienced stereotype threat on both selection and execution of strategies on all arithmetic problems, Indian older adults experienced this threat only in their strategy selection on harder problems. Most interestingly, cultural differences emerged on arithmetic problems under stereotype threat condition, where otherwise no cultural differences were found in the control condition.

DISCUSSION

Our findings have important implications for understanding how cultural contexts change aging effects on human cognition and age-related difference in cognitive performance.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Aix Marseille Univ, LPC, CNRS, Marseille, France.Aix Marseille Univ, LPC, CNRS, Marseille, France.Aix Marseille Univ, LPC, CNRS, Marseille, France.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

32620013

Citation

Nicolas, Poshita, et al. "Cultural Differences in Susceptibility to Stereotype Threat: France Vs. India." The Journals of Gerontology. Series B, Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences, 2020.
Nicolas P, Régner I, Lemaire P. Cultural differences in susceptibility to stereotype threat: France vs. India. J Gerontol B Psychol Sci Soc Sci. 2020.
Nicolas, P., Régner, I., & Lemaire, P. (2020). Cultural differences in susceptibility to stereotype threat: France vs. India. The Journals of Gerontology. Series B, Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences. https://doi.org/10.1093/geronb/gbaa087
Nicolas P, Régner I, Lemaire P. Cultural Differences in Susceptibility to Stereotype Threat: France Vs. India. J Gerontol B Psychol Sci Soc Sci. 2020 Jul 4; PubMed PMID: 32620013.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Cultural differences in susceptibility to stereotype threat: France vs. India. AU - Nicolas,Poshita, AU - Régner,Isabelle, AU - Lemaire,Patrick, Y1 - 2020/07/04/ PY - 2020/06/04/received PY - 2020/7/4/entrez PY - 2020/7/4/pubmed PY - 2020/7/4/medline KW - age-based stereotype threat KW - aging KW - arithmetic KW - cognition KW - strategy JF - The journals of gerontology. Series B, Psychological sciences and social sciences JO - J Gerontol B Psychol Sci Soc Sci N2 - OBJECTIVES: Negative aging stereotypes make older adults perform below their true potential in a number of cognitive domains. This phenomenon, known as Age-Based Stereotype Threat, is currently viewed as a powerful factor contributing to an overestimation of cognitive decline in normal aging. However, age-based stereotype threat has been investigated almost exclusively in Western countries. Whether this phenomenon is universal or culture-specific is unknown. METHODS: Here, we first ran a pilot study (N=106) in which we assessed French and Indian participants' attitudes towards aging. Then, we assessed stereotype threat effects on arithmetic problem-solving performance and strategies in French and Indian older adults (N=104). RESULTS: We found that French older adults have more negative implicit attitudes towards aging than Indian older adults. We also found that culture modulates age-based stereotype threat effects. Whereas French older adults experienced stereotype threat on both selection and execution of strategies on all arithmetic problems, Indian older adults experienced this threat only in their strategy selection on harder problems. Most interestingly, cultural differences emerged on arithmetic problems under stereotype threat condition, where otherwise no cultural differences were found in the control condition. DISCUSSION: Our findings have important implications for understanding how cultural contexts change aging effects on human cognition and age-related difference in cognitive performance. SN - 1758-5368 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/32620013/Cultural_differences_in_susceptibility_to_stereotype_threat:_France_vs._India L2 - https://academic.oup.com/psychsocgerontology/article-lookup/doi/10.1093/geronb/gbaa087 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -
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