Minimizing Fertility-sparing Treatment for Low Volume Early Stage Cervical Cancer; Is Less the (R)Evolution?Anticancer Res. 2020 Jul; 40(7):3651-3658.AR
The aim of this study was to conduct a review on less radical fertility-sparing surgical treatment for early-stage cervical cancer.
MATERIALS AND METHODS
We conducted a Medline search from 2014 to 2018 regarding less radical fertility-sparing techniques, such as simple trachelectomy or cervical conization, with pelvic lymphadenectomy. We also assessed the impact of the removal of the parametrium on the obstetric and oncologic outcome, in women who desire to preserve their fertility.
We analyzed studies about cervical conization and simple trachelectomy, together with pelvic lymphadenectomy in early-stage cervical cancer. We also assessed the importance of parametrial involvement in reducing morbidity, without jeopardizing the oncologic outcome of these patients. Studies demonstrate that in tumors ≤2 cm, without lymphovascular Space Invasion and without evidence of parametrial involvement, a less radical fertility-sparing surgical approach could increase pregnancy rates and have a positive effect on the quality of life of these patients.
Standard fertility-sparing treatment for early-stage cervical cancer is still radical trachelectomy with pelvic lymphadenectomy. However, studies suggest that the omission of parametrectomy is a feasible and safe option. Simple trachelectomy or cervical conization, both combined with pelvic lymphadenectomy are acceptable approaches in a selected group of patients with early-stage cervical cancer.