Investigation of correlation between bony pelvis dimensions and pelvic organ prolapse in different compartments.Eur J Obstet Gynecol Reprod Biol. 2020 Jun 16; 252:213-217.EJ
To investigate the association between bony pelvis dimensions and anterior, apical, and posterior compartment pelvic organ prolapse (POP) and explore the mechanism of different types of POP from an anatomical point of view.
A total of 253 patients with POP were selected as the experimental group (138 patients with anterior compartment defect, 86 with apical compartment defect, and 29 with posterior compartment defect); 253 patients with uterine myoma constituted the control group. Their demographics were recorded, and anteroposterior diameters of the pelvic inlet, intertuberous diameter, and interspinous diameter were measured. One-way analysis of variance, least significant difference t-test, and Student's t-test were used to evaluate the pelvic measurements among the four groups.
The anteroposterior diameter of the pelvic inlet in the apical compartment POP group was smaller than that in the other groups (P < 0.05). Interspinous diameters in the anterior and apical groups were larger than those in the posterior POP and control groups (P < 0.05). Intertuberous diameter in the control group was smaller than that in the anterior and apical POP groups and larger than that in the posterior POP group (P < 0.05).
Women with apical compartment POP are more likely to have a smaller anteroposterior diameter. Larger interspinous and intertuberous diameters were associated with anterior and apical POP, and smaller intertuberous diameter was associated with posterior POP.