Impact of chlorination and pre-ozonation on disinfection by-products formation from aqueous suspensions of cyanobacteria: Microcystis aeruginosa, Anabaena aequalis and Oscillatoria tenuis.Water Res. 2020 Sep 15; 183:116070.WR
The influence of the pre-ozonization on the formation of disinfection by-products (DBPs) upon chlorination for fresh waters containing three common cyanobacteria, namely Microcystis aeruginosa, Anabaena aequalis and Oscillatoria tenuis at 10,000 cells/mL is reported. Specifically, the formation carbonaceous-DBPs (C-DBPs) (trihalomethanes (THMs), haloacetic acids (HAAs) and haloketones (HKs)) and nitrogenous-DBPs (N-DBP) (haloacetonitriles (HAN) and trichloronitromethane (TCNM)) has been determined as a function of the pH (6.5 or 8.0 and bromide ion concentration (300 μg/L). The main C-DBPs were THMs and HAAs with negligible formation of HKs accompanied by minor amounts of HANs in the absence of TCNM. Pre-ozonation of the aqueous cyanobacteria suspensions does not allow a control over all the DBPs. In fact, pre-ozonation increases THM formation and generates TCNM, has low influence on HAAs and only decreases the formation of HANs. The overall conclusion of this work is that pre-ozonation of waters containing a relatively low concentration of common fresh water cyanobacteria is not an appropriate process to decrease DBP formation from chlorine. Cyanobacteria removal from raw water before chlorination or ozonation should reduce DBP formation.