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The seventh nationwide surveillance of six otorhinolaryngological infectious diseases and the antimicrobial susceptibility patterns of the isolated pathogens in Japan.
J Infect Chemother. 2020 Sep; 26(9):890-899.JI

Abstract

The Japanese Three Academic Societies Joint Antimicrobial Susceptibility Surveillance Committee conducted a nationwide surveillance on six otorhinolaryngological diseases and investigated the antimicrobial susceptibility patterns and isolation rates of the causative pathogens. The surveillance program was conducted in the otorhinolaryngological departments of 12 universities, and 36 affiliated hospitals and clinics. Patients with acute otitis media (children under six years old), chronic otitis media, acute nasal sinusitis, chronic nasal sinusitis, acute tonsillitis, and peritonsillar abscess (over 20 years old) between December 2015 and June 2017 were investigated. The collected swab or incision samples were cultivated for microbial identification, and the antimicrobial susceptibility of the detected bacteria was measured at the Kitasato University Research Center for Infections and Antimicrobials. The surveillance focused on three gram-positive bacteria (Streptococcus pneumoniae, Streptococcus pyogenes, and Staphylococcus aureus), three gram-negative bacteria (Haemophilus influenzae, Moraxella catarrhalis, and Pseudomonas aeruginosa), and three anaerobic bacteria (anaerobic gram-positive cocci, Prevotella spp., Porphyromonas spp., and Fusobacterium spp.). Bacterial susceptibility to 40 antimicrobial agents was investigated. We were unable to completely mitigate the rise in the occurrence of resistant bacteria, such as methicillin-resistant S. aureus, penicillin-resistant S. pneumoniae, penicillin-intermediate resistant S. pneumoniae, beta-lactamase non-producing ampicillin-resistant H. influenzae, and beta-lactamase producing ampicillin-resistant H. influenzae. We suggest promoting the proper usage of antimicrobial agents to prevent the spread of these bacteria. We also suggested that immunization with pneumococcal vaccines is useful for decreasing the occurrence of otorhinolaryngological infectious diseases caused by pneumococci.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Otorhinolaryngological Sub-committee and the Surveillance Committee of Japanese Society of Chemotherapy (JSC), The Japanese Association for Infectious Diseases (JAID), The Japanese Society for Clinical Microbiology (JSCM), Tokyo, Japan. Electronic address: suzuki-k@yonaha.jp.Otorhinolaryngological Sub-committee and the Surveillance Committee of Japanese Society of Chemotherapy (JSC), The Japanese Association for Infectious Diseases (JAID), The Japanese Society for Clinical Microbiology (JSCM), Tokyo, Japan.Otorhinolaryngological Sub-committee and the Surveillance Committee of Japanese Society of Chemotherapy (JSC), The Japanese Association for Infectious Diseases (JAID), The Japanese Society for Clinical Microbiology (JSCM), Tokyo, Japan.Otorhinolaryngological Sub-committee and the Surveillance Committee of Japanese Society of Chemotherapy (JSC), The Japanese Association for Infectious Diseases (JAID), The Japanese Society for Clinical Microbiology (JSCM), Tokyo, Japan.Otorhinolaryngological Sub-committee and the Surveillance Committee of Japanese Society of Chemotherapy (JSC), The Japanese Association for Infectious Diseases (JAID), The Japanese Society for Clinical Microbiology (JSCM), Tokyo, Japan.Otorhinolaryngological Sub-committee and the Surveillance Committee of Japanese Society of Chemotherapy (JSC), The Japanese Association for Infectious Diseases (JAID), The Japanese Society for Clinical Microbiology (JSCM), Tokyo, Japan.Otorhinolaryngological Sub-committee and the Surveillance Committee of Japanese Society of Chemotherapy (JSC), The Japanese Association for Infectious Diseases (JAID), The Japanese Society for Clinical Microbiology (JSCM), Tokyo, Japan.Otorhinolaryngological Sub-committee and the Surveillance Committee of Japanese Society of Chemotherapy (JSC), The Japanese Association for Infectious Diseases (JAID), The Japanese Society for Clinical Microbiology (JSCM), Tokyo, Japan.Otorhinolaryngological Sub-committee and the Surveillance Committee of Japanese Society of Chemotherapy (JSC), The Japanese Association for Infectious Diseases (JAID), The Japanese Society for Clinical Microbiology (JSCM), Tokyo, Japan.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

32622623

Citation

Suzuki, Kenji, et al. "The Seventh Nationwide Surveillance of Six Otorhinolaryngological Infectious Diseases and the Antimicrobial Susceptibility Patterns of the Isolated Pathogens in Japan." Journal of Infection and Chemotherapy : Official Journal of the Japan Society of Chemotherapy, vol. 26, no. 9, 2020, pp. 890-899.
Suzuki K, Kurono Y, Ikeda K, et al. The seventh nationwide surveillance of six otorhinolaryngological infectious diseases and the antimicrobial susceptibility patterns of the isolated pathogens in Japan. J Infect Chemother. 2020;26(9):890-899.
Suzuki, K., Kurono, Y., Ikeda, K., Hotomi, M., Yano, H., Watanabe, A., Matsumoto, T., Takahashi, Y., & Hanaki, H. (2020). The seventh nationwide surveillance of six otorhinolaryngological infectious diseases and the antimicrobial susceptibility patterns of the isolated pathogens in Japan. Journal of Infection and Chemotherapy : Official Journal of the Japan Society of Chemotherapy, 26(9), 890-899. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jiac.2020.05.020
Suzuki K, et al. The Seventh Nationwide Surveillance of Six Otorhinolaryngological Infectious Diseases and the Antimicrobial Susceptibility Patterns of the Isolated Pathogens in Japan. J Infect Chemother. 2020;26(9):890-899. PubMed PMID: 32622623.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - The seventh nationwide surveillance of six otorhinolaryngological infectious diseases and the antimicrobial susceptibility patterns of the isolated pathogens in Japan. AU - Suzuki,Kenji, AU - Kurono,Yuichi, AU - Ikeda,Katsuhisa, AU - Hotomi,Muneki, AU - Yano,Hisakazu, AU - Watanabe,Akira, AU - Matsumoto,Tetsuya, AU - Takahashi,Yoshisaburo, AU - Hanaki,Hideaki, Y1 - 2020/07/01/ PY - 2020/04/02/received PY - 2020/05/21/revised PY - 2020/05/26/accepted PY - 2020/7/6/pubmed PY - 2020/7/6/medline PY - 2020/7/6/entrez KW - Antimicrobial susceptibilities KW - Otorhinolaryngological infections KW - Resistant strain KW - Surveillance KW - Vaccine therapy SP - 890 EP - 899 JF - Journal of infection and chemotherapy : official journal of the Japan Society of Chemotherapy JO - J. Infect. Chemother. VL - 26 IS - 9 N2 - The Japanese Three Academic Societies Joint Antimicrobial Susceptibility Surveillance Committee conducted a nationwide surveillance on six otorhinolaryngological diseases and investigated the antimicrobial susceptibility patterns and isolation rates of the causative pathogens. The surveillance program was conducted in the otorhinolaryngological departments of 12 universities, and 36 affiliated hospitals and clinics. Patients with acute otitis media (children under six years old), chronic otitis media, acute nasal sinusitis, chronic nasal sinusitis, acute tonsillitis, and peritonsillar abscess (over 20 years old) between December 2015 and June 2017 were investigated. The collected swab or incision samples were cultivated for microbial identification, and the antimicrobial susceptibility of the detected bacteria was measured at the Kitasato University Research Center for Infections and Antimicrobials. The surveillance focused on three gram-positive bacteria (Streptococcus pneumoniae, Streptococcus pyogenes, and Staphylococcus aureus), three gram-negative bacteria (Haemophilus influenzae, Moraxella catarrhalis, and Pseudomonas aeruginosa), and three anaerobic bacteria (anaerobic gram-positive cocci, Prevotella spp., Porphyromonas spp., and Fusobacterium spp.). Bacterial susceptibility to 40 antimicrobial agents was investigated. We were unable to completely mitigate the rise in the occurrence of resistant bacteria, such as methicillin-resistant S. aureus, penicillin-resistant S. pneumoniae, penicillin-intermediate resistant S. pneumoniae, beta-lactamase non-producing ampicillin-resistant H. influenzae, and beta-lactamase producing ampicillin-resistant H. influenzae. We suggest promoting the proper usage of antimicrobial agents to prevent the spread of these bacteria. We also suggested that immunization with pneumococcal vaccines is useful for decreasing the occurrence of otorhinolaryngological infectious diseases caused by pneumococci. SN - 1437-7780 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/32622623/The_seventh_nationwide_surveillance_of_six_otorhinolaryngological_infectious_diseases_and_the_antimicrobial_susceptibility_patterns_of_the_isolated_pathogens_in_Japan L2 - https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S1341-321X(20)30183-5 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -
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