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Colonization by Biological Control Agents on Post-Fire Regrowth of Invasive Lygodium microphyllum (Lygodiaceae).
Environ Entomol. 2020 Jul 05 [Online ahead of print]EE

Abstract

Integration of biological control with other management tactics such as prescribed burning is often important for successful invasive weed control. A critical step in this integration is determining whether the agent can colonize postburn growth of the weed. Here, we investigated postburn colonization by biological control agents on regrowth of the invasive vine Lygodium microphyllum (Cav.) R. Br. (Lygodiaceae, Old World climbing fern) in Florida. We monitored regrowth and subsequent colonization of two agents already established in Florida-the gall-inducing mite Floracarus perrepae Knihinicki and Boczek (Acariformes: Eriophyidae) and the foliage-feeding moth Neomusotima conspurcatalis Warren (Lepidoptera: Crambidae)-following three prescribed burns. We provide the first report of natural colonization by the F. perrepae mite and N. conspurcatalis moth on postburn L. microphyllum regrowth, and this colonization typically began 5-9 mo postburn. Furthermore, we report that L. microphyllum can recover to prefire levels of percent cover in as little as 5 mo. Our findings indicate that biological control of L. microphyllum has the potential to be integrated with prescribed burns.

Authors+Show Affiliations

USDA-ARS Invasive Plant Research Laboratory, Fort Lauderdale, FL.Department of Biological Sciences, Florida International University, Miami, FL.USDA-ARS Invasive Plant Research Laboratory, Fort Lauderdale, FL.USDA-ARS Invasive Plant Research Laboratory, Fort Lauderdale, FL.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

32623448

Citation

David, Aaron S., et al. "Colonization By Biological Control Agents On Post-Fire Regrowth of Invasive Lygodium Microphyllum (Lygodiaceae)." Environmental Entomology, 2020.
David AS, Sebesta N, Abdel-Kader AA, et al. Colonization by Biological Control Agents on Post-Fire Regrowth of Invasive Lygodium microphyllum (Lygodiaceae). Environ Entomol. 2020.
David, A. S., Sebesta, N., Abdel-Kader, A. A., & Lake, E. C. (2020). Colonization by Biological Control Agents on Post-Fire Regrowth of Invasive Lygodium microphyllum (Lygodiaceae). Environmental Entomology. https://doi.org/10.1093/ee/nvaa076
David AS, et al. Colonization By Biological Control Agents On Post-Fire Regrowth of Invasive Lygodium Microphyllum (Lygodiaceae). Environ Entomol. 2020 Jul 5; PubMed PMID: 32623448.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Colonization by Biological Control Agents on Post-Fire Regrowth of Invasive Lygodium microphyllum (Lygodiaceae). AU - David,Aaron S, AU - Sebesta,Nicole, AU - Abdel-Kader,Anwar A, AU - Lake,Ellen C, Y1 - 2020/07/05/ PY - 2020/04/01/received PY - 2020/7/6/entrez PY - 2020/7/6/pubmed PY - 2020/7/6/medline KW - Old World climbing fern KW - crambid moths KW - eriophyid mites KW - integrated weed management KW - weed biological control JF - Environmental entomology JO - Environ. Entomol. N2 - Integration of biological control with other management tactics such as prescribed burning is often important for successful invasive weed control. A critical step in this integration is determining whether the agent can colonize postburn growth of the weed. Here, we investigated postburn colonization by biological control agents on regrowth of the invasive vine Lygodium microphyllum (Cav.) R. Br. (Lygodiaceae, Old World climbing fern) in Florida. We monitored regrowth and subsequent colonization of two agents already established in Florida-the gall-inducing mite Floracarus perrepae Knihinicki and Boczek (Acariformes: Eriophyidae) and the foliage-feeding moth Neomusotima conspurcatalis Warren (Lepidoptera: Crambidae)-following three prescribed burns. We provide the first report of natural colonization by the F. perrepae mite and N. conspurcatalis moth on postburn L. microphyllum regrowth, and this colonization typically began 5-9 mo postburn. Furthermore, we report that L. microphyllum can recover to prefire levels of percent cover in as little as 5 mo. Our findings indicate that biological control of L. microphyllum has the potential to be integrated with prescribed burns. SN - 1938-2936 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/32623448/Colonization_by_Biological_Control_Agents_on_Post-Fire_Regrowth_of_Invasive_Lygodium_microphyllum_(Lygodiaceae) L2 - https://academic.oup.com/ee/article-lookup/doi/10.1093/ee/nvaa076 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -
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