Rheumatic manifestations in inflammatory bowel disease.Minerva Gastroenterol Dietol. 2020 Jul 03 [Online ahead of print]MG
Rheumatic manifestations are the most frequent extra-intestinal manifestations (EIMs) in Inflammatory Bowel Disease (IBD) patients, and they are responsible for a relevant reduction of quality of life. IBD is associated with a variety of musculoskeletal manifestations such as arthritis and non-inflammatory pain as well as with metabolic diseases, such as osteoporosis. Different imaging techniques (primarily ultrasound, magnetic resonance imaging and X-rays) can help the clinician to correctly identify the nature of manifestations and to treat the patient accordingly. Nowadays, in the setting of IBD-related arthritides, different drugs are available and can be effective on both articular and intestinal involvement. Therefore, a multi-disciplinary approach provides an early diagnosis and a better clinical outcome that can only be given from the recognition and consideration of the different EIMs. As for rheumatic manifestations, namely IBDrelated arthritis, an early intervention allows to control disease activity and to prevent structural damage.