[Conotation of ancient "stroke" and Qianyin Yaofang Xiaoxuming Decoction treating cerebral infarction and cerebral hemorrhage].Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi. 2020 Jun; 45(12):2725-2734.ZZ
Xiaoxuming Decoction is the ancient classic herbal formulae for the treatment of stroke. Before the Han and Tang Dynasties, Xiaoxuming Decoction was highly praised by doctors of all dynasties as the "No.1 prescription of internal medicine". However, it was gradually declined in later generations and even abandoned by doctors of all dynasties. The reason why Xiaoxuming Decoction was anybody to care for it and the changes of physicians' understanding of the pathogenesis of "stroke" in the ancient times. In ancient times, the connotation of stroke was very extensive, including facial neuritis, acute cerebral infarction, acute cerebral hemorrhage, sequelae of cerebral hemorrhage, unexplained weakness of limbs, cervical spondylosis, acute myelitis, acute radiculitis, Guillain Barre syndrome, multiple sclerosis, myasthenia gravis, motor neuron disease, dermatomyositis, hypokalemic paralysis peripheral neuritis. According to studies, in the treatment of cerebral infarction and cerebral hemorrhage, Xiaoxuming Decoction can significantly shorten the course of acute stage and promote the recovery of hemiplegia, and its mechanism is consistent with the treatment principle of modern medicine for cerebrovascular diseases. In addition, this prescription is forbidden for patients with red face, fast heart rate, high blood pressure, blocked stool, red tongue, yellow fur, rapid pulse string or strong pulse string, and strong pulse on the wrist.