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Efficient technologies for carwash wastewater treatment: a systematic review.
Environ Sci Pollut Res Int. 2020 Oct; 27(28):34823-34839.ES

Abstract

Carwash wastewater (CWW) is considered as an important source of either water pollution or water consumption. Therefore, its treatment is critical not only from the prevention of environmental contamination but also from the recycling of such high-volume water source. Unfortunately, the effective treatment of CWW is almost unknown, complex, and expensive. To overcome the former challenge, this study aimed to systematically review different technologies for CWW treatment. For this, a comprehensive literature survey was conducted and 48 research articles were found suitable to be included in the investigation. The included studies were of coagulation and adsorption (n = 5), membrane-based technologies (n = 15), and electrochemical (n = 11) and combined (n = 17) systems. This comprehensive review showed that the treatment methods of advanced filtration membrane techniques, electrical and chemical coagulation, and advanced oxidation processes can be effective in the removal of pollutants from carwash wastewater (CWW). The mining of different studies, however, showed that the combined methods are the most promising option in the remediation of such wastewater.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Environmental Health Engineering, School of Health, Torbat Heydariyeh University of Medical Sciences, Torbat Heydariyeh, Iran. Health Sciences Research Center, Torbat Heydariyeh University of Medical Sciences, Torbat Heydariyeh, Iran.Department of Environmental Health Engineering, School of Health, Torbat Heydariyeh University of Medical Sciences, Torbat Heydariyeh, Iran. Health Sciences Research Center, Torbat Heydariyeh University of Medical Sciences, Torbat Heydariyeh, Iran.Department of Environmental Health Engineering, School of Health, Torbat Heydariyeh University of Medical Sciences, Torbat Heydariyeh, Iran. Health Sciences Research Center, Torbat Heydariyeh University of Medical Sciences, Torbat Heydariyeh, Iran.Department of Environmental Health Engineering, Faculty of Public Health and Safety, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.Department of Environmental Health Engineering, School of Health, Torbat Heydariyeh University of Medical Sciences, Torbat Heydariyeh, Iran. Health Sciences Research Center, Torbat Heydariyeh University of Medical Sciences, Torbat Heydariyeh, Iran.Health Sciences Research Center, Torbat Heydariyeh University of Medical Sciences, Torbat Heydariyeh, Iran. Department of Environmental Health Engineering, Torbat Jam Faculty of Medical Sciences, Torbat Jam, Iran.Department of Environmental Health Engineering, School of Health, Torbat Heydariyeh University of Medical Sciences, Torbat Heydariyeh, Iran. ed_bazrafshan@yahoo.com. Health Sciences Research Center, Torbat Heydariyeh University of Medical Sciences, Torbat Heydariyeh, Iran. ed_bazrafshan@yahoo.com.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Review
Systematic Review

Language

eng

PubMed ID

32632696

Citation

Sarmadi, Mohammad, et al. "Efficient Technologies for Carwash Wastewater Treatment: a Systematic Review." Environmental Science and Pollution Research International, vol. 27, no. 28, 2020, pp. 34823-34839.
Sarmadi M, Foroughi M, Najafi Saleh H, et al. Efficient technologies for carwash wastewater treatment: a systematic review. Environ Sci Pollut Res Int. 2020;27(28):34823-34839.
Sarmadi, M., Foroughi, M., Najafi Saleh, H., Sanaei, D., Zarei, A. A., Ghahrchi, M., & Bazrafshan, E. (2020). Efficient technologies for carwash wastewater treatment: a systematic review. Environmental Science and Pollution Research International, 27(28), 34823-34839. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11356-020-09741-w
Sarmadi M, et al. Efficient Technologies for Carwash Wastewater Treatment: a Systematic Review. Environ Sci Pollut Res Int. 2020;27(28):34823-34839. PubMed PMID: 32632696.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Efficient technologies for carwash wastewater treatment: a systematic review. AU - Sarmadi,Mohammad, AU - Foroughi,Maryam, AU - Najafi Saleh,Hossein, AU - Sanaei,Daryoush, AU - Zarei,Amin Allah, AU - Ghahrchi,Mina, AU - Bazrafshan,Edris, Y1 - 2020/07/07/ PY - 2019/11/04/received PY - 2020/06/15/accepted PY - 2020/7/8/pubmed PY - 2020/8/29/medline PY - 2020/7/8/entrez KW - Carwash wastewater KW - Coagulation and adsorption KW - Membrane separation KW - Systematic review KW - Treatment technology SP - 34823 EP - 34839 JF - Environmental science and pollution research international JO - Environ Sci Pollut Res Int VL - 27 IS - 28 N2 - Carwash wastewater (CWW) is considered as an important source of either water pollution or water consumption. Therefore, its treatment is critical not only from the prevention of environmental contamination but also from the recycling of such high-volume water source. Unfortunately, the effective treatment of CWW is almost unknown, complex, and expensive. To overcome the former challenge, this study aimed to systematically review different technologies for CWW treatment. For this, a comprehensive literature survey was conducted and 48 research articles were found suitable to be included in the investigation. The included studies were of coagulation and adsorption (n = 5), membrane-based technologies (n = 15), and electrochemical (n = 11) and combined (n = 17) systems. This comprehensive review showed that the treatment methods of advanced filtration membrane techniques, electrical and chemical coagulation, and advanced oxidation processes can be effective in the removal of pollutants from carwash wastewater (CWW). The mining of different studies, however, showed that the combined methods are the most promising option in the remediation of such wastewater. SN - 1614-7499 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/32632696/Efficient_technologies_for_carwash_wastewater_treatment:_a_systematic_review_ L2 - https://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11356-020-09741-w DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -