[New immunohistochemistry markers to determine presence of vas deferens in vasectomy specimen.]Arch Esp Urol. 2020 07; 73(6):534-540.AE
The pathological examination of vasectomy specimens to confirm the presence of vas deferens is usually simple and is done by routine hematoxylinand eosin staining. Use of immunohistochemical techniques can aid to the diagnosis in those cases with artifacts of the epithelium, and they are also useful to differentiate vas deferens from blood vessel. We have investigated the usefulness of CD31, CD34, ERG and PAX8 for these purposes.
MATERIAL AND METHODS
81 sections from vasectomy specimens in which any section showed some kind of epithelial artifact were analyzed. Immunohistochemistry was performed with monoclonal antibodies for CD31 (clone JC70), CD34 (clone QBEnd/10), ERG (clone EPR3864) and PAX8 (clone MRQ-50). Evaluation of the vas deferens and vascular endothelial staining was done.
Histologically, vas deferens epithelium was well-preserved in 18 sections (22.2%), denuded in 6 (7.4%), crushed or distorted in 48 sections (59.3%), detached in 5 (6,2%), and misplaced out of the vas deferens lumen in 4 (4.9%). In most of the sections the epithelium showed weak (86.4%) or moderate (9.9%) CD31 cytoplasmic staining, as well as strong nuclear PAX8 reactivity in all of the sections, exhibiting a granular pattern in the detached or artifacted epithelium. CD34 and ERG were negative in the epithelium. Capillary vessel endothelium in the vas deferens wall showed strong cytoplasmic positivity for CD31 and CD34, as well as nuclear ERG reactivity, being PAX8 negative.
PAX8 is a useful antibody to confirm the presence of vas deferens in artifacted vasectomy specimens. CD34 and ERG are negative in the epithelium,and, otherwise, they are expressed by vascular endothelium, with the advantage of nuclear staining pattern for ERG. CD31, a classic endothelial marker, is not so specific as it had been stated as it shows weak or moderate expression in the vas deferens epithelium.