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Effectiveness of mechanical debridement with and without adjunct antimicrobial photodynamic for treating peri-implant mucositis among prediabetic cigarette-smokers and non-smokers.
Photodiagnosis Photodyn Ther. 2020 Jul 04 [Online ahead of print]PP

Abstract

AIM

The aim of the present study was to compare the effectiveness of mechanical debridement (MD) with and without adjunct antimicrobial photodynamic therapy (aPDT) for treating peri-implant mucositis among prediabetic cigarette-smokers and non-smokers.

METHODS

Prediabetic and non-diabetic smokers and non-smokers with peri-implant mucositis were included. Patients with peri-implant mucositis were divided into 4 groups as follows: Group-1: Prediabetic smokers with peri-implant mucositis; Group-2: Prediabetic non-smokers with peri-implant mucositis; Group-3: Systemically-healthy smokers with peri-implant mucositis; and Group-4: Systemically-healthy non-smokers with peri-implant mucositis. Hemoglobin A1c levels were measured in all groups prior to MD with adjunct aPDT. Peri-implant plaque index (PI), bleeding on probing (BOP) and probing depth (PD) were assessed at baseline and at 4- and 12-weeks of follow-up. Sample-size estimation was done and data normality was assessed. Group-comparisons were performed. and P < 0.01 was selected as an indicator of statistical significance.

RESULTS

Fifteen, 15, 15 and 15 individuals were included in groups 1, 2, 3 and 4, respectively. At baseline, peri-implant PI, BOP and PD were comparable in all groups. In prediabetic smokers and non-smokers, there was no significant difference in peri-implant PI, BOP and PD at 4- and 12-weeks' follow-up. Among non-diabetic smokers and non-smokes MD with adjunct PDT significant reduced PI (P < 0.01) and PD (P < 0.01) at 4- and 12-weeks' follow-up.

CONCLUSION

The outcomes of MD with adjunct aPDT for the treatment of peri-implant mucositis are compromised in smokers and non-smokers with prediabetes. In non-diabetic smokers and non-smokers, MD with aPDT is effective for treating peri-implant mucositis.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Public Health Department, College of Dentistry, Riyadh Elm University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. Electronic address: ahmed.s.alhafez@student.riyadh.edu.sa.Public Health Department, College of Dentistry, Riyadh Elm University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia.Dental Center Albaha, Aljubail, Alhassa, Saudi Arabia.Qunfidhah Dental Center, AlQunfidhah, Saudi Arabia.Dammam Medical Complex, AlKhubar, Saudi Arabia.Dental Center Albaha, Aljadin, Ishbiliyah, Saudi Arabia.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

32634654

Citation

Al Hafez, Ahmed Saleh Saeed, et al. "Effectiveness of Mechanical Debridement With and Without Adjunct Antimicrobial Photodynamic for Treating Peri-implant Mucositis Among Prediabetic Cigarette-smokers and Non-smokers." Photodiagnosis and Photodynamic Therapy, 2020, p. 101912.
Al Hafez ASS, Ingle N, Alshayeb AA, et al. Effectiveness of mechanical debridement with and without adjunct antimicrobial photodynamic for treating peri-implant mucositis among prediabetic cigarette-smokers and non-smokers. Photodiagnosis Photodyn Ther. 2020.
Al Hafez, A. S. S., Ingle, N., Alshayeb, A. A., Tashery, H. M., Alqarni, A. A. M., & Alshamrani, S. H. (2020). Effectiveness of mechanical debridement with and without adjunct antimicrobial photodynamic for treating peri-implant mucositis among prediabetic cigarette-smokers and non-smokers. Photodiagnosis and Photodynamic Therapy, 101912. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.pdpdt.2020.101912
Al Hafez ASS, et al. Effectiveness of Mechanical Debridement With and Without Adjunct Antimicrobial Photodynamic for Treating Peri-implant Mucositis Among Prediabetic Cigarette-smokers and Non-smokers. Photodiagnosis Photodyn Ther. 2020 Jul 4;101912. PubMed PMID: 32634654.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Effectiveness of mechanical debridement with and without adjunct antimicrobial photodynamic for treating peri-implant mucositis among prediabetic cigarette-smokers and non-smokers. AU - Al Hafez,Ahmed Saleh Saeed, AU - Ingle,Navin, AU - Alshayeb,Alathra Abdullah, AU - Tashery,Hamed Mohammad, AU - Alqarni,Abdulrahman Abdullah Mohammad, AU - Alshamrani,Salma Hamed, Y1 - 2020/07/04/ PY - 2020/05/31/received PY - 2020/06/28/revised PY - 2020/07/02/accepted PY - 2020/7/8/entrez PY - 2020/7/8/pubmed PY - 2020/7/8/medline KW - Antimicrobial photodynamic therapy KW - Bleeding on probing KW - Crestal bone loss SP - 101912 EP - 101912 JF - Photodiagnosis and photodynamic therapy JO - Photodiagnosis Photodyn Ther N2 - AIM: The aim of the present study was to compare the effectiveness of mechanical debridement (MD) with and without adjunct antimicrobial photodynamic therapy (aPDT) for treating peri-implant mucositis among prediabetic cigarette-smokers and non-smokers. METHODS: Prediabetic and non-diabetic smokers and non-smokers with peri-implant mucositis were included. Patients with peri-implant mucositis were divided into 4 groups as follows: Group-1: Prediabetic smokers with peri-implant mucositis; Group-2: Prediabetic non-smokers with peri-implant mucositis; Group-3: Systemically-healthy smokers with peri-implant mucositis; and Group-4: Systemically-healthy non-smokers with peri-implant mucositis. Hemoglobin A1c levels were measured in all groups prior to MD with adjunct aPDT. Peri-implant plaque index (PI), bleeding on probing (BOP) and probing depth (PD) were assessed at baseline and at 4- and 12-weeks of follow-up. Sample-size estimation was done and data normality was assessed. Group-comparisons were performed. and P < 0.01 was selected as an indicator of statistical significance. RESULTS: Fifteen, 15, 15 and 15 individuals were included in groups 1, 2, 3 and 4, respectively. At baseline, peri-implant PI, BOP and PD were comparable in all groups. In prediabetic smokers and non-smokers, there was no significant difference in peri-implant PI, BOP and PD at 4- and 12-weeks' follow-up. Among non-diabetic smokers and non-smokes MD with adjunct PDT significant reduced PI (P < 0.01) and PD (P < 0.01) at 4- and 12-weeks' follow-up. CONCLUSION: The outcomes of MD with adjunct aPDT for the treatment of peri-implant mucositis are compromised in smokers and non-smokers with prediabetes. In non-diabetic smokers and non-smokers, MD with aPDT is effective for treating peri-implant mucositis. SN - 1873-1597 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/32634654/Effectiveness_of_mechanical_debridement_with_and_without_adjunct_antimicrobial_photodynamic_for_treating_peri-implant_mucositis_among_prediabetic_cigarette-smokers_and_non-smokers L2 - https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S1572-1000(20)30266-0 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -
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