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Validation of the MEDSAIL Tool to Screen for Capacity for Safe and Independent Living Among Nursing Home Residents.
J Am Med Dir Assoc. 2020 Jul 04 [Online ahead of print]JA

Abstract

OBJECTIVES

Capacity for safe and independent living (SAIL) refers to an individual's ability to solve problems associated with everyday life and perform activities necessary for living independently. Little guidance exists on the assessment of capacity for SAIL among nursing home residents. As a result, capacity for SAIL is not fully considered in the development of discharge plans to ensure safety and independence in the community. We reasoned that this problem could be addressed with the Making and Executing Decisions for Safe and Independent Living (MEDSAIL) tool, developed to screen for capacity for SAIL among community-dwelling older adults. In this report, we describe findings on the validity of the MEDSAIL when used with nursing home residents.

DESIGN

Prospective cross-sectional pilot study.

SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS

Twenty-four residents of a Veterans Health Affairs Community Living Center (CLC; nursing home); exclusion criteria were cognitive impairment too severe to complete the protocol, diagnosis of serious mental illness or developmental disability, inability to hear, or inability to communicate verbally.

METHODS

Participants completed 2 assessments: the MEDSAIL interview administered by a research assistant and the criterion standard capacity interview administered by a geriatric psychiatrist. We examined internal consistency, divergent validity, and criterion-based validity.

RESULTS

Five of 7 MEDSAIL scenarios approximated acceptable levels of internal consistency (α >0.70). MEDSAIL scores were highly positively correlated with criterion standard capacity determination (0.88, P = .001), and the Wilcoxon rank-sum test statistic for the 2 assessments was also statistically significant (P = .001).

CONCLUSIONS AND IMPLICATIONS

MEDSAIL has promise as a user-friendly brief screening tool for use by nursing home staff to understand resident capacity for SAIL. This information can be used in the development of discharge plans to keep the resident safe and independent in the community. In addition, tailoring the MEDSAIL scenarios specifically to the nursing home setting may further enhance the tool's validity and utility in this new application.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Center for Innovation in Long-Term Services and Supports, Providence VA Medical Center, Providence, RI; Department of Health Services, Policy and Practice, School of Public Health, Brown University, Providence, RI. Electronic address: Whitney.Mills@va.gov.VA South Central Mental Illness Research, Education, and Clinical Center, Houston, TX; Center for Innovation in Quality, Effectiveness, and Safety, Michael E. DeBakey VA Medical Center, Houston, TX; Menninger Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Science, Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, TX.Southeast Louisiana Veterans Health Care System, New Orleans, LA; John W. Deming Department of Medicine, Tulane University School of Medicine, New Orleans, LA.Section of Geriatric Medicine, Department of Medicine, Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, TX.Department of Clinical Sciences, University of Houston College of Medicine, Houston, TX.Michael E. DeBakey VA Medical Center, Houston, TX.Center for Innovation in Long-Term Services and Supports, Providence VA Medical Center, Providence, RI.Center for Innovation in Quality, Effectiveness, and Safety, Michael E. DeBakey VA Medical Center, Houston, TX; Section of Geriatric Medicine, Department of Medicine, Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, TX; Section of Health Services Research, Department of Medicine, Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, TX.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

32636169

Citation

Mills, Whitney L., et al. "Validation of the MEDSAIL Tool to Screen for Capacity for Safe and Independent Living Among Nursing Home Residents." Journal of the American Medical Directors Association, 2020.
Mills WL, Kunik ME, Kelly PA, et al. Validation of the MEDSAIL Tool to Screen for Capacity for Safe and Independent Living Among Nursing Home Residents. J Am Med Dir Assoc. 2020.
Mills, W. L., Kunik, M. E., Kelly, P. A., Wilson, N. L., Starks, S., Asghar-Ali, A., Curren-Vo, H., & Naik, A. D. (2020). Validation of the MEDSAIL Tool to Screen for Capacity for Safe and Independent Living Among Nursing Home Residents. Journal of the American Medical Directors Association. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jamda.2020.05.008
Mills WL, et al. Validation of the MEDSAIL Tool to Screen for Capacity for Safe and Independent Living Among Nursing Home Residents. J Am Med Dir Assoc. 2020 Jul 4; PubMed PMID: 32636169.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Validation of the MEDSAIL Tool to Screen for Capacity for Safe and Independent Living Among Nursing Home Residents. AU - Mills,Whitney L, AU - Kunik,Mark E, AU - Kelly,P Adam, AU - Wilson,Nancy L, AU - Starks,Steven, AU - Asghar-Ali,Ali, AU - Curren-Vo,Hannah, AU - Naik,Aanand D, Y1 - 2020/07/04/ PY - 2019/12/10/received PY - 2020/03/20/revised PY - 2020/05/04/accepted PY - 2020/7/9/entrez KW - Capacity KW - assessment KW - decision making KW - nursing home KW - veterans JF - Journal of the American Medical Directors Association JO - J Am Med Dir Assoc N2 - OBJECTIVES: Capacity for safe and independent living (SAIL) refers to an individual's ability to solve problems associated with everyday life and perform activities necessary for living independently. Little guidance exists on the assessment of capacity for SAIL among nursing home residents. As a result, capacity for SAIL is not fully considered in the development of discharge plans to ensure safety and independence in the community. We reasoned that this problem could be addressed with the Making and Executing Decisions for Safe and Independent Living (MEDSAIL) tool, developed to screen for capacity for SAIL among community-dwelling older adults. In this report, we describe findings on the validity of the MEDSAIL when used with nursing home residents. DESIGN: Prospective cross-sectional pilot study. SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS: Twenty-four residents of a Veterans Health Affairs Community Living Center (CLC; nursing home); exclusion criteria were cognitive impairment too severe to complete the protocol, diagnosis of serious mental illness or developmental disability, inability to hear, or inability to communicate verbally. METHODS: Participants completed 2 assessments: the MEDSAIL interview administered by a research assistant and the criterion standard capacity interview administered by a geriatric psychiatrist. We examined internal consistency, divergent validity, and criterion-based validity. RESULTS: Five of 7 MEDSAIL scenarios approximated acceptable levels of internal consistency (α >0.70). MEDSAIL scores were highly positively correlated with criterion standard capacity determination (0.88, P = .001), and the Wilcoxon rank-sum test statistic for the 2 assessments was also statistically significant (P = .001). CONCLUSIONS AND IMPLICATIONS: MEDSAIL has promise as a user-friendly brief screening tool for use by nursing home staff to understand resident capacity for SAIL. This information can be used in the development of discharge plans to keep the resident safe and independent in the community. In addition, tailoring the MEDSAIL scenarios specifically to the nursing home setting may further enhance the tool's validity and utility in this new application. SN - 1538-9375 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/32636169/Validation_of_the_MEDSAIL_Tool_to_Screen_for_Capacity_for_Safe_and_Independent_Living_Among_Nursing_Home_Residents L2 - https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S1525-8610(20)30375-3 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -
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