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Knowledge, Attitudes and Practices Towards COVID-19: An Epidemiological Survey in North-Central Nigeria.
J Community Health. 2020 Jul 07 [Online ahead of print]JC

Abstract

The COVID-19 pandemic has become a major public health challenge globally with countries of the world adopting unprecedented infection prevention and control (IPC) measures to urgently curtail the spread of the COVID-19 virus. The knowledge, attitudes and practices (KAP) of the people toward COVID-19 is critical to understanding the epidemiological dynamics of the disease and the effectiveness, compliance and success of IPC measures adopted in a country. This study sought to determine the levels of KAP toward COVID-19 among residents of north-central Nigeria. A cross-sectional online survey with a semi-structured questionnaire using a Snowball sampling technique was conducted during the national lockdown. Data collected were analyzed using descriptive statistics, analysis of variance (ANOVA), Pearson's correlation and regression tests. From a total of 589 responses received, 80.6, 59.6, 90.4 and 56.2% were from respondents between ages 18-39 years, males, had a college (Bachelor) degree or above and reside in urban areas respectively. Respondents had good knowledge (99.5%) of COVID-19, gained mainly through the internet/social media (55.7%) and Television (27.5%). The majority of the respondents (79.5%) had positive attitudes toward the adherence of government IPC measures with 92.7, 96.4 and 82.3% practicing social distancing/self-isolation, improved personal hygiene and using face mask respectively. However, 52.1% of the respondents perceived that the government is not doing enough to curtail COVID-19 in Nigeria. Pearson's correlation showed significant relationship between knowledge of COVID-19 and attitude towards preventive measures (r = 0.177, p = 0.004, r = 0.137, p = 0.001). Although 61.8% of the respondents have no confidence in the present intervention by Chinese doctors, only 29.0% would accept COVID-19 vaccines when available. This study recorded good knowledge and attitudes among participants, however, community-based health campaigns are necessary to hold optimistic attitudes and practice appropriate intervention measures devoid of misconceptions.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Science Laboratory Technology, Nasarawa State Polytechnic, Lafia, Nigeria. reubenrine@yahoo.com.Department of Microbiology, Plateau State University, Bokkos, Nigeria.Department of Psychology, Plateau State University, Bokkos, Nigeria.Department of Microbiology, University of Jos, Jos, Nigeria.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

32638198

Citation

Reuben, Rine Christopher, et al. "Knowledge, Attitudes and Practices Towards COVID-19: an Epidemiological Survey in North-Central Nigeria." Journal of Community Health, 2020.
Reuben RC, Danladi MMA, Saleh DA, et al. Knowledge, Attitudes and Practices Towards COVID-19: An Epidemiological Survey in North-Central Nigeria. J Community Health. 2020.
Reuben, R. C., Danladi, M. M. A., Saleh, D. A., & Ejembi, P. E. (2020). Knowledge, Attitudes and Practices Towards COVID-19: An Epidemiological Survey in North-Central Nigeria. Journal of Community Health. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10900-020-00881-1
Reuben RC, et al. Knowledge, Attitudes and Practices Towards COVID-19: an Epidemiological Survey in North-Central Nigeria. J Community Health. 2020 Jul 7; PubMed PMID: 32638198.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Knowledge, Attitudes and Practices Towards COVID-19: An Epidemiological Survey in North-Central Nigeria. AU - Reuben,Rine Christopher, AU - Danladi,Margaret M A, AU - Saleh,Dauda Akwai, AU - Ejembi,Patricia Ene, Y1 - 2020/07/07/ PY - 2020/7/9/entrez PY - 2020/7/9/pubmed PY - 2020/7/9/medline KW - Attitude KW - COVID-19 KW - Knowledge KW - North-central Nigeria KW - Practice KW - Public health JF - Journal of community health JO - J Community Health N2 - The COVID-19 pandemic has become a major public health challenge globally with countries of the world adopting unprecedented infection prevention and control (IPC) measures to urgently curtail the spread of the COVID-19 virus. The knowledge, attitudes and practices (KAP) of the people toward COVID-19 is critical to understanding the epidemiological dynamics of the disease and the effectiveness, compliance and success of IPC measures adopted in a country. This study sought to determine the levels of KAP toward COVID-19 among residents of north-central Nigeria. A cross-sectional online survey with a semi-structured questionnaire using a Snowball sampling technique was conducted during the national lockdown. Data collected were analyzed using descriptive statistics, analysis of variance (ANOVA), Pearson's correlation and regression tests. From a total of 589 responses received, 80.6, 59.6, 90.4 and 56.2% were from respondents between ages 18-39 years, males, had a college (Bachelor) degree or above and reside in urban areas respectively. Respondents had good knowledge (99.5%) of COVID-19, gained mainly through the internet/social media (55.7%) and Television (27.5%). The majority of the respondents (79.5%) had positive attitudes toward the adherence of government IPC measures with 92.7, 96.4 and 82.3% practicing social distancing/self-isolation, improved personal hygiene and using face mask respectively. However, 52.1% of the respondents perceived that the government is not doing enough to curtail COVID-19 in Nigeria. Pearson's correlation showed significant relationship between knowledge of COVID-19 and attitude towards preventive measures (r = 0.177, p = 0.004, r = 0.137, p = 0.001). Although 61.8% of the respondents have no confidence in the present intervention by Chinese doctors, only 29.0% would accept COVID-19 vaccines when available. This study recorded good knowledge and attitudes among participants, however, community-based health campaigns are necessary to hold optimistic attitudes and practice appropriate intervention measures devoid of misconceptions. SN - 1573-3610 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/32638198/Knowledge_Attitudes_and_Practices_Towards_COVID_19:_An_Epidemiological_Survey_in_North_Central_Nigeria_ L2 - https://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10900-020-00881-1 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -
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