Electrochemical degradation of three phthalate esters in synthetic wastewater by using a Ce-doped Ti/PbO2 electrode.Chemosphere. 2020 Nov; 259:127488.C
A Ce-doped Ti/PbO2 electrode was prepared in a deposition solution containing Ce3+ and Pb2+ ions by electrodeposition, and the surface morphology, crystal structure and elemental states were characterized by SEM, XRD and XPS. The electrode was used to investigate the simultaneous degradation of three phthalate esters (PAEs), i.e., dimethyl phthalate (DMP), diethyl phthalate (DEP) and dibutyl phthalate (DBP) in synthetic wastewaters. The results showed that the electrode exhibited excellent electrocatalytic activity and good reusability and stability, and the removal efficiencies of 5 mg L-1 DBP, DMP and DEP in 0.05 M Na2SO4 (pH 7) reached 98.2%, 95.8% and 81.1% at current density of 25 mA cm-2 after 10 h degradation, respectively. The degradation processes followed pseudo first-order kinetic model very well, and the observed rate constants of DBP, DEP and DMP were 0.42, 0.40 and 0.29 h-1, respectively. The energy consumption in three PAEs degradation was also assessed. The main degradation products of the three PAEs were identified by using liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry, and the possible degradation pathways mainly included dealkylation, hydroxyl addition, decarboxylation and benzene ring cleavage. This work is a promising candidate for efficient treatment of multiple PAEs in wastewater and protection of the aquatic ecological environment.